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Final Jeopardy

TermDefinition
Dept. all cultures go to microbiology
Largest and busiest area of the clinical lab chemistry
What tubes for Type & Rh? Red, Yellow, Pink, Purple
What test needs an amber microcollection tube? bilirubin
Which specimen type is most frequently used in Serology/Immunology? Serum
Order of Draw for: PPT, SST, Gray SST, PPT, Gray
Order of Draw for: Lavender, Blood Cultures, Red Blood Cultures, Red, Lavender
Order of Draw for : Blood Culture, Navy Blue, Red, Yellow, PPT, SST Blood Culture, Red, SST, PPT, Navy Blue, Yellow
3 types of tests that CANNOT be done on a skin puncture specimen ESR, coagulation tests that require plasma, tests that require a large volume of blood, serum, or plasma
Never do this when drawing a dorsal hand vein on an infant apply a tourniquet
2 types of collection devices for dermal puncture microcollection containers, microhematocrit tubes, filter paper
Never puncture deeper than ___ when performing an infant heel stick 2 mm
How to tell the difference between an artery and a vein An artery has a pulse
Blood obtained from dermal puncture is a mixture of what 5 things? arterial blood from arterioles, venous blood from venules, capillary blood, interstitial fluids, intracellular fluids
Order of Draw for: Navy Blue, Red, Yellow Red, Navy Blue, Yellow
Order of Draw for: Green, Gray, Light Blue, Red, Pink Light Blue, Red, Green, Pink, Gray
What test is gray top most commonly used for? Glucose
How do you mix the additives in the tubes and how many times? Gently invert 8-10 times
Which tube must be full to be accepted? Light Blue
The needle should enter the vein ____ up bevel
The smaller the number the _____ the gauge of the needle larger
The site used for venipuncture should be cleaned in what shape? concentric circles
A good vein has what? (feeling) a bounce or resilience
Why anchor a vein? to prevent it from rolling
At what angle should the needle enter the vein? 15-30 degrees
How long is considered fasting? 8-12 hours
If you must draw blood from an arm with an IV, where should you draw? below the IV
If you must draw from an arm with a hematoma, where should you draw? distal to the hematoma
In a lipemic specimen, the serum or plasma appears what color? milky or cloudy
What test is used to test for carbohydrate metabolism disorder? GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test)
Name 3 specimens that must be kept cold after collection. Ammonia, Lactic Acid, ACTH
Name 3 specimens that must be protected from light following collection. Bilirubin, Vitamin A, Vitamin B
What 3 things does a barcode represent? ID#, Lab test, Patient name
3 common types of requisitions manual, computer, barcode
QNS quantity not sufficient
Hemoconcentration Condition in which there is an increase of RBCs and blood components and a decrease in plasma in the blood vessel.
Additive in Purple tube K2 EDTA or K3 EDTA
Additive in Red tube clot activator or nothing
Additive in Navy Blue tube K2 EDTA or clot activator
Additive in Gray tube sodium fluoride and potassium oxalate
Additive in PST lithium heparin and silicon gel separator
Lipids are what? fats
Analyte general term for a substance undergoing analysis
Osteomyelitis bone inflammation
Urine is preferred over blood for what type of screening? drug screening
What type of specimen is collected to diagnosis cystic fibrosis? sweat
What can be detected by a breath specimen? H. Pylori
What is needed for a rapid strep test? a throat swab
What is required to test differential? a blood smear/slide
What is the preferred collection method for a PKU? dermal puncture
What is the most important step in specimen collection? patient ID
3 methods of urine collection random, midstream, clean-catch
What can be tested to detect chronic drug abuse? hair
4 situations that may trigger a hematoma. excessive/blind probing, needle only partly inserted into the vein, needle penetrates all the way though the vein, pressure is not adequately applied following venipuncture.
3 types of point of care testing glucose, ABG, coagulation testing, troponin, bleed time, lipids, BMP, Hgb & Hct
ETOH testing is collected in which tube? Gray
Point of care testing is NOT commonly found where? clinical labs
What levels are monitored to ensure the levels of the drug to stay within the therapeutic range? trough
4 reasons a specimen may be rejected QNS, wrong tube, inadequate labelling, specimen not chilled, etc
What is therapeutic Phlebotomy? withdrawing a large volume of blood as treatment for certain medical conditions (ex: polycythemia)
Created by: Jasperonius
 

 



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