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chapter 10

capillary puncture equiptment and procedures

arterialized arterial flow into a the area due to warming the site
blood film/smear a drop of blood spread thin on a microscope slide
calcaneus medical term for healbone
CBG's capillary blood gasses
cyanotic bluish color from lack of oxygen
differential (diff) test in whick the number, type , and characteristics of blood cells are determined by examining a stained blood smear under a microscope
feather thinnest area of a blood smear where a defferential is performed
galactosemia inhereted disorder caused by lack of the enzyme needed to convert the milk sugar galctose into glucose
hypothyroidism insufficient levels of thyroid hormones
intersitial fluid fluid in the tissue spaces between the cells
intracellular fluid flid within the cells
lancet a sterile, disposable, sharp-pointed or bladed instrument for punctures
microcollection containers small plastic tubes used to collect blood obtained from capillary punctures sometimes called "microtubes"
microhematocrit tubes narrow-bore plastic tubes that fill by capillary action
neonatal screening (NBS) state mandated testing of newborns to detect cerain genetic (inherited), metabolic (chemical changes within the cells), hormonal and functional disorders.
osteochondritis inflammation of the bone and cartilage
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone
PKU phenylketonuria
planter surface the sole or bottom surface of the foot
posterior cruvature medical term for the back of the heal
whorls ridges and grooves of the fingers
which of the following test requires an arterialized specimen blood gases
calpillary puncture supplies include all of the following except povidone - iodine pad
capillary puncture blood contains arterial blood, interstitial fluids, venous blood
the concentration of this substance is higher in capillary blood than in veous blood glucose
capillary puncture is typically performed on adults when no acceble veins, thrombotic tendecies or veins are saved for chemotherapy
if collected by capillary puncture, which of the following is collected first CBC
which of the following conditions disqualifies a site for capillary puncture cyanotic, edematous or swollen
which of the following is the least hazardous area of an infant's foot for capillary puncture lateral plantar heel surface
according to CLSI, a heel puncture lancet should puncture no deeper than 2.0mm
which of the following is proper capillary punture procedure wipe away the very first drop of blood
when making a routine blood smear, the "pusher slide" is normaly used at an angle of how many degrees 30
the blood specimen for this test is placed in circles on special filter paper phenylketonuria (PKU)
which of the following fingers is the best choice for capillary puncture middle
this test cannot be collected by capillary puncture and taken to the laboratory for processing and testing partial thromboplastin time (PTT)
capillary action is a term used to describe how blood fills a microhematocrit tube
stirrers small metal bars inserted into tubes after blood collection
magnet used to mix the specimen
the concentration of glucose and potassium are normally higher in capillary blood
order of draw for capillary blood is blood gasses, edta, other additive and serum specimens



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