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Pharm Practice 1

Pharm Practice 1 - Medical Terminology

a-, an- without, not
adip/o fat
-algia pain
-angi/o vessel (usually blood or lymph)
anter/o front, anterior
ante- before
anti- against
arteri/o artery
arthro/o joint
blephar/o eyelid
brady- slow
bronch/o; bronchi/o bronchus (plural=bronchi)
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
-centesis surgical puncture
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (brain)
cervic/o neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
chlor- green
chol/e bile/gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
chondr/o cartilage
-cide kill, destroy
col/o, colon/o colon (large intestine)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o bladder
-cyte, cyt/o cell
dent/o teeth
-derma, derm/o, dermat/o skin
dipl/o double
-dipsia thirst
-dynia pain
dys- bad, painful, difficult
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-ectomy excision, removal
-edema swelling
electr/o electric
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestine (usually small)
epi- above, upon
eryth/o red
esophag/o esophagus
eu- good, normal
gastr/o stomach
-gen, -genesis producing, forming
gero- aged
gingiv/o gum
glauc- gray
-gloss tongue
gluc/o, glyc/o sugar, glucose
-gram record
-graphy process of recording
-gravida pregnant women
gynec/o woman, female
hemangi/o blood vessel
hemat/o blood
hydr/o water
hemi- half, partly
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hyper- excessive
hypo- under, below
hyster/o uterus
-ia condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-ic pertaining to
in- not
inter- between
intra- within
-ism condition
iso- equal
-itis inflammation
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
lith/o stone, calculus
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy the study of
lumb/o lower back, loin
lymph/o lymph
-lysis separation, destruction, loosening
lyso- dissolving
mast/o breast
macro- large
mamm/o, mast/o breast
maxilla/o jaw
megal/o enlargement
melano/o black
meningi/o; mening/o meninges
men/o menses, menstruation
-meter measure, intrument for measuring
metr/o uterus
micro- small
muc/o mucus
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
my/o muscle
nas/o nose
necr/o death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
noct/o night
odont/o teeth
-ole small
-oma tumor
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
-opia vision
orchid/o testis
or/o mouth
-osis abnormal condition
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
-ous pertaining to
para- near, beside, around
patell/o knee cap
-pathy disease
-pedia child
ped/o foot
pelv/o pelvis
-penia decreased
-pepsia digestion
-peri around
-phagia swallow, eat
phalang/o phalanges (finger, toe)
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
-phasia speech
phleb/o vein
-phobia fear
-plasia, -plasm growth, formation
plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleura
-pnea breathing
pneum/o, pneumon/o lung, air
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
poster/o back (of body), behind, posterior
pre- before
proct/o anus, rectum
-ptosis prolapse, falling, dropping
purpur- purple
pyel/o renal, pelvis
py/o pus
quadri- four
radi/o x-rays, radiation
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
retin/o retina
rhin/o nose
-rrhage bursting forth (of)
-rrhea flow, discharge
sacro/o sacrum
sclera/o hardening, sclera (white of the eye)
-scopy visual examination
-spasm involuntary contraction, twitching
spermat/o sperm
spin/o spine
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
-stasis at a standstill
-stenosis stricture, narrowing
stomat/o mouth
-stomy forming a new opening or mouth
sub- under, below
supra- above
tachy- rapid
-therapy treatment
therm/o heat
thorac/o chest
thromb/o blood clot
thyr/o thyroid gland
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy incision, cut into
tox/o poison
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy crushing
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
-ule small
-uria, ur/o urine, urination
ureter/o ureter
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vascul/o blood vessel
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle (of brain or heart)
vesic/o bladder
vertebr/o vertebra
vulvo vulva
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
Created by: oupharm2013