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Unit 3

Key terms of Unit 3. Other terms are on quizlet

QuestionAnswer
what is culture? the set learned behaviors and values shared by a group of people.
define cultural trait a single aspect or "piece" of a culture. Example: behaviors
define custom practices followed by a group of people (A custom is a cultural trait).
define artifact material aspect of culture that we can see, taste, feel, and/or hear (a physical piece of culture).
what is material culture? the aspects of culture that can be detected with our senses. (Example: food, flags, fashion, holidays, music, etc.)
what is non material culture? Non material culture are the values, opinions, and attitudes that underlie material culture. (Example: communication styles and rules, facial expressions/body languages, gestures, personal space, eye contact, approaches to religion, courtship, etc.)
what is culture complex? the unique set of material and non material traits that are shared by a specific group of people.
define culture region an area that shares a large number of culture traits. Culture regions can be defined in many ways and can vary in scale.
define culture realm a large area of the world containing a group of culture regions that share many similar traits.
what is culture hearth the source area for an important cultural trait. THINK ORIGIN
what is syncretism? the blending of two or more cultural traits to form a new trait. (Country music, Christmas, Halloween, etc.)
what is dynamism? the tendency for cultural traits and/or complexes to change and adapt over time
what is diffusion? the spread of cultural traits and.or complexes from their hearths
define cultural variety? cultural variety is the product of isolation. It is the variation of how different communities develop different customs over time.
what is cultural convergence? cultural convergence is the product of interaction. It occurs when cultures/people borrow each other's ideas then over time their cultures appear similar.
define space-time compression decreased time and relative distance between places
define distance decay the farther away different places are from a place of origin, the less likely interaction will be with the original place
what is hierarchical diffusion diffusion of a trait from one place to another without spreading to places in between
define relocation diffusion diffusion that begins at a point of origin and the crosses a physical barrier (THINK THE TRAIT TRAVELS WITH A PERSON)
define contagious diffusion THINK OF A WAVE EFFECT. diffusion that occurs in a point of origin but spreads to other surrounding areas
define stimulus diffusion occurs when a group adopts an underlying idea or concept of a trait without the actual trait. These groups may change it to fit their unique circumstances/preferences.
what is an ethnic religion? a religion that is concentrated in one area and does not seek converts. ( many are born into the religion)
what is a universalizing religion? a religion that actively seeks converts
define heterogeneous
define homogeneous
define acculturation
define assimialtion
define glocalization
Created by: carmen.estupinan