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Key terms of Unit 3. Other terms are on quizlet
|what is culture?
|the set learned behaviors and values shared by a group of people.
|define cultural trait
|a single aspect or "piece" of a culture. Example: behaviors
|practices followed by a group of people (A custom is a cultural trait).
|material aspect of culture that we can see, taste, feel, and/or hear (a physical piece of culture).
|what is material culture?
|the aspects of culture that can be detected with our senses. (Example: food, flags, fashion, holidays, music, etc.)
|what is non material culture?
|Non material culture are the values, opinions, and attitudes that underlie material culture. (Example: communication styles and rules, facial expressions/body languages, gestures, personal space, eye contact, approaches to religion, courtship, etc.)
|what is culture complex?
|the unique set of material and non material traits that are shared by a specific group of people.
|define culture region
|an area that shares a large number of culture traits. Culture regions can be defined in many ways and can vary in scale.
|define culture realm
|a large area of the world containing a group of culture regions that share many similar traits.
|what is culture hearth
|the source area for an important cultural trait. THINK ORIGIN
|what is syncretism?
|the blending of two or more cultural traits to form a new trait. (Country music, Christmas, Halloween, etc.)
|what is dynamism?
|the tendency for cultural traits and/or complexes to change and adapt over time
|what is diffusion?
|the spread of cultural traits and.or complexes from their hearths
|define cultural variety?
|cultural variety is the product of isolation. It is the variation of how different communities develop different customs over time.
|what is cultural convergence?
|cultural convergence is the product of interaction. It occurs when cultures/people borrow each other's ideas then over time their cultures appear similar.
|define space-time compression
|decreased time and relative distance between places
|define distance decay
|the farther away different places are from a place of origin, the less likely interaction will be with the original place
|what is hierarchical diffusion
|diffusion of a trait from one place to another without spreading to places in between
|define relocation diffusion
|diffusion that begins at a point of origin and the crosses a physical barrier (THINK THE TRAIT TRAVELS WITH A PERSON)
|define contagious diffusion
|THINK OF A WAVE EFFECT. diffusion that occurs in a point of origin but spreads to other surrounding areas
|define stimulus diffusion
|occurs when a group adopts an underlying idea or concept of a trait without the actual trait. These groups may change it to fit their unique circumstances/preferences.
|what is an ethnic religion?
|a religion that is concentrated in one area and does not seek converts. ( many are born into the religion)
|what is a universalizing religion?
|a religion that actively seeks converts