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Mr. Stickler's HIST 10 "French Revolution Begins" Test Flashcards

List the names of the groups that made up each of the 3 Estates in 18th century France. 1.) Clergy; 2.) Nobles; 3.) Everyone else (including everyone from middle-class writers & lawyers to landless peasants). (Pg. 576 & 577)
Why is Bastille Day important to the history of the French Revolution? This was the day when members of the 3rd Estate - along with part of King Louis XVI's Royal Guard - stormed the "bastille" (prison) in Paris, France, starting the French Revolution. (Class Notes.)
Why did members of the 3rd Estate want to become Nobles? They wanted to become members of that Estate because then they would not have to pay the "taille" - France's main tax. The 1st & 2nd Estate members did not have to pay this tax.
What was the "Tennis Court Oath"? This was the oath that representatives of the 3rd Estate swore on June 20th, 1789 stating that they would meet everyday until they wrote a new constitution. (Pg. 579)
What does the term "bourgeoisie" mean/ refer to? This term is a French word meaning "middle-class". They were part of the 3rd Estate in 18th century France and included lawyers, doctors, & writers. (Pg. 578)
What is the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen"? This is a document that was adopted by the French National Assembly on August 26th, 1789. It describes the basic liberties that all French citizens should have. (Pg. 581)
List three (3) ideas listed in the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen". 1.) All men were free & equal before the law; 2.) Appointments to public office should be based on talent; 3.) No group should be exempt from taxation. (Pg. 581)
Why did members of the Paris Commune decide to call themselves "sans-culottes" in 1792? They decided to do this to show that they were "ordinary patriots without fine clothes" - not Nobles who wore knee-length pants that were popular among that social class in 18th century France. (Pg. 583).
Created by: sticklerpjpII