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Cold War Quiz

Cold War, Berlin Crisis & Korean War Quiz

QuestionAnswer
What was the COLD WAR and which 2 countries were at the center? A RIVALRY between the US and the SOVIET UNION competing for POWER around the world
What is CONTAINMENT? The US policy at aimed at STOPPING THE SPREAD OF COMMUNISM
What was the IRON CURTAIN? An IMAGINARY LINE that CUT OFF SOVIET-RUN EASTERN EUROPE from the DEMOCRATIC governments of WESTERN EUROPE
What was the MARSHALL PLAN? Secretary of State George Marshall's plan to REBUILD EUROPE to HOLD OFF COMMUNISM
How much money was sent to the WESTERN European countries to REBUILD after WWII? $12 BILLION
Where was the BERLIN CRISIS located? Post-WWII GERMANY
GERMANY was DIVIDED into how many zones? 4
Who controlled the 4 ZONES of post-WWII Germany? SOLDIERS from FRANCE, GREAT BRITAIN, the SOVIET UNION and the US
In 1949 which THREE zones were REUNITED to form what side of Germany? The US, GREAT BRITAIN and FRANCE zones reunited to form WEST GERMANY
in 1949 which ZONE refused to reunite with the rest and formed which side of Germany? the SOVIET UNION ZONE became EAST GERMANY
Which CAPITAL CITY in GERMANY was divided? BERLIN
Which 3 ZONES consisted of which SIDE of BERLIN? The US, GREAT BRITAIN and FRANCE made up WEST BERLIN
Which ZONE consisted of which SIDE of BERLIN? The SOVIET UNION made up EAST GERMANY
Which SIDE of BERLIN was cut off from the rest of its side? WEST BERLIN was cut off from WEST GERMANY
What was the BERLIN AIRLIFT? HUNDREDS of AMERICAN and BRITISH planes carried tons of FOOD, FUEL and SUPPLIES to WEST BERLIN EVERY DAY for a FULL YEAR until the SOVIETS ended their BLOCKADE
What 2 things caused the BERLIN WALL? WEST GERMANY became PROSPEROUS while EAST GERMANY became POOR, EAST GERMANS fled poverty and communism by crossing into WEST BERLIN
What happened in 1961 to ENSURE EAST BERLINERS didn't cross into WEST BERLIN? CONCRETE WALL topped with BARBED WIRE to CUT OFF EAST AND WEST BERLIN for 28 YEARS
Post-WWII Korea was DIVIDED at what INTERSECTION? The 38TH PARALLEL
What did SOUTH KOREA believe in? DEMOCRACY
What did NORTH KOREA believe in? COMMUNISM
In JUNE of 1950, which side INVADED the other? NORTH KOREAN military invades SOUTH KOREA
WHO sends MILITARY FORCES after the INVASION of SOUTH KOREA? The UNITED NATIONS
Our US troops made up WHAT PERCENT of the MILITARY FORCE sent to SOUTH KOREA? 80%
WHO was in charge of the MILITARY FORCE sent to SOUTH KOREA? GENERAL MACARTHUR
What was the KOREAN WAR commonly referred to as? a SEE-SAW WAR
In 1951 which WORLD POWER enters the KOREAN WAR? CHINA
WHICH MILITARY poured into NORTH KOREA, pushing the UN and SOUTH KOREANS back? CHINA
Which PRESIDENT was ELECTED in 1953? EISENHOWER
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER personally VISITS which COUNTRY? KOREA
In JULY of 1953 what happens to the KOREAN WAR? FIGHTING ENDS
What was once again RE-ESTABLISHED, DIVIDING which COUNTRY into 2? The 38th PARALLEL, creating NORTH and SOUTH KOREA
What is the DEMILITARIZED ZONE? Area with NO MILITARY FORCES
How many AMERICANS were killed during the KOREAN WAR? 54,000
How many KOREANS and CHINESE were killed during the KOREAN WAR? 2 million