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Primary Physical CMA

Primary Physical Examinaton CMA

Auscultation The act of listening to body sounds, typically with a stethoscope, to assess various organs throughout the body
Bruit An abnormal sound or murmur heard on auscultation of an organ, vessel, or gland
Clubbing Abnormal enlargement of the distal phalanges (fingers/toes) associated with cyanotic heart disease or advanced chronic pulmonary disease
Colonoscopy A procedure in which a fiberoptic scope is used to examine the large intestine
Electrocardiogram A graphic record of electrical conduction through the heart
Emphysema The pathologic accumulation of air in the alveoli, which results in alveolar destruction and overall oxygen deprivation: In the lungs, the bronchioles becomes plugged with mucus and lose elasticity
Gait The manner or style of walking
Hematopoiesis The formation and development of blood cells in the red bone marrow
Intercellular A term referring to the area between cells
Intracellular A term referring to the area within the cell membrane
Manipulation Movement or exercising of a body part by means of an externally applied force
Mastication Chewing
Murmur An abnormal sound heard during auscultation of the heart that may or may not have a pathologic origin; it is associated with valve disease or a congenital heart defect
Nodules Small lumps, or lesions, or swellings that are felt when the skin is palpitated
Palpitation The use of touch during physical examination to assess the size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
Peristalsis The rhythmic contraction of involuntary muscles lining the gastrointestinal tract
Sclera The white part of the eye that forms the orbit
Transillumination Inspection of a cavity or organ by passing light through its walls
Trauma Physical injury or a wound caused by an external force or violence
Vasoconstriction contractions of the muscles lining blood vessels, which narrows the lumen
Anatomy The study of how the body is shaped and structured
Physiology Study of body functions
Cells Basic unit of life
Tissues Cells of similar structure and function that are placed together
Epithelial Tissue makes up the skin, glands, and linings of body parts and organs
Squamous flat
Cuboidal square
Columnar long/ narrow
Transitional vary shapes that can stretch
Connective Tissue support and binds other body tissues. Types include: collagen, bone, cartilage, adipose, ligaments, tendons, blood, and lymph.
Muscle Tissue produces movement
Plasma Membrane surrounds the cell and creates an outer covering
Intracellular Area includes the cytoplasm that contains living material to carry out function
Nucleus contains the genetic code of the cell that determines the cells function
Skeletal Muscle (striated, voluntary) attached to bones, produces voluntary body movements when contracted
Cardiac Muscle (striated, involuntary) forms the heart muscle wall
Smooth Muscle (nonstriated, involuntary) lines the walls of blood vessels and hollow organs. Causes peristalsis and vasoconstriction.
Nervous Tissue conducts nerve impulses between the periphery and central nervous system
Organs composed of two or more types of tissue bound together to form a more complex structure for a common purpose or function
Systems composed of several organs and their associated structures
Blood Cells, Organs, and Structures arteries, arterioles, veins, venules, white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, plasma
Blood Functions transport material/ collect waste throughout the body, white blood cells fight infection, red blood cells carry oxygen, platelets help form clots, plasma carries dissolved nutrients/ other materials
Cardiovascular Cells, Organs, and Structures heart, valves, arteries, arterioles, veins, venules
Cardiovascular Functions circulatory system transports materials in the blood throughout the body, veins return deoxygenated blood to the heart, which pumps it into the lungs, oxygenated blood is pumped into the aorta and branching arteries to cells in the body
Endocrine Cells, Organs, and Structures pituitary, pineal gland, hypothalamus, thyroid, pancreas, adrenal cortex/medulla, parathyroid, thymus, ovaries, testes
Endocrine Functions produces hormones that circulate in the blood to target tissue that stimulates a certain action
Integumentary Cells, Organs, and Structures skin, subcutaneous tissue, sweat/sebaceous glands, hair, nails, sense receptors
Integumentary Functions protection, temperature regulation, senses organ activity
Gastrointestinal Cells, Organs, and Structures mouth, tongue, teeth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, appendix
Gastrointestinal Functions mastication, swallowing, digestion, absorption of nutrients, excretion of waste materials
Lymphatic/Immune Cells, Organs, and Structures lymph, lymph vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, tonsils, spleen, lymphocytes, antibodies
Lymphatic/Immune Functions
Musculoskeletal Cells, Organs, and Structures
Musculoskeletal Functions
Nervous Cells, Organs. and Structures
Nervous Functions
Reproductive Cells, Organs, and Structures
Reproductive Functions
Respiratory Cells, Organ, and Structures
Respiratory Functions
Created by: ItsRainbowBre