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G7 WH review

QuestionAnswer
Franco-Prussian War War between France and Prussia and was the real cause of WW1 and WW2 - Prussia wins
Partition of Poland This was the splitting up of Poland by Russia, Prussia, and Austria
terracing the creation of flat areas on mountain slopes for the purpose of farming
scramble for africa Where Europe tried to claim Africa as quickly as it could for colonies
Cold War the power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States after World War II
Domino theory The US theory that stated, if one country would fall to Communism then every country that touched it would become communist
capitalism An economic system based on private property and free enterprise.
communism an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
Archduke Ferdinand heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
Bismark Led the unification of Germany. Prime minister of Prussia. Known as "blood and iron"
Fall of Berlin Wall a 1989 event that represented the fall of the Soviet Union and communism in Eastern Europe
Mao Zedong Chinese Communist leader from 1949 to 1976.
Chaing Kai Shek leader of nationalist, anti communist, forces in China defeated by Mao Zedong
Russo-Japanese war (1904-1905) War between Russia and Japan over imperial possessions. Japan emerges victorious.
Nationalism love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
imperialism A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
militarism A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
alliances agreements between nations to aid and protect one another
boxer rebellion A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Congress of Berlin divided up Africa and parts of Europe in 1881
Bolshevik Revolution Uprising in 1917 that led to Russia's withdrawal from WWI and Lenin and the Communists taking over Russia
Treaty of Versallies Blames Germany and forces the to pay war debt. Ends World War One. Breaks up Ottoman Empire.
WWI The use of Submarine Warfare in the Atlantic. Major reason US declared war on Germany.
WWII Fought over fascism
Cuban Revolution 1959 revolt that resulted in Castro forming a communist government in Cuba.
Karl Marx founder of modern communism
Lenin Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR
facism A new, militant political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader
Axis powers Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
Gandi engaged in passive resistance, civil disobedience, non-violent protest
Marshall plan A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Truman doctrine United States policy, established in 1947, of trying to contain the spread of communism
Eisenhower doctrine Policy of the US that it would defend the Middle East against attack by any Communist country
Open Door policy American policy of seeking equal trade and investment opportunities in foreign nations or regions
Dollar Diplomacy President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad
Great Depression the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
appeasement Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
Yalta Conference meeting at which the Allies agreed to form a United Nations organization
United Nations an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security