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Global 9

Vocabulary #22

TermDefinition
Hierarchy This is an organizational structure in which items/people are ranked according to levels of importance. Most government, corporations and organized religions are organized in this manner.
Feudalism A political, economic, and social system existing in medieval Europe in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and land in return
Cultural Diffusion Cultural diffusion is the gradual spread of cultural features between different groups of people. This can take the form of technology, language, religion, etc.
Caliphate The political-religious state comprising the Muslim community and the lands and peoples under its dominion in the centuries following the death (632 ce) of the Prophet Muhammad
Diaspora The movement, migration, or scattering of a people away from an established or ancestral homeland (ex. Jews from Palestine)
Zionism Quest for a Jewish national state in Palestine
Filial Piety In Confucian philosophy, is a virtue of respect for one's parents, elders, and ancestors
Animism The attribution of a soul to plants, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena; the belief in a supernatural power that organizes and animates the material universe
Corroborate To confirm, substantiate, verify, authenticate, validate mean to attest to the truth or validity of something. Confirm implies the removing of doubts by an authoritative statement or indisputable fact
Government The group of people that has power to make laws and important decisions for a community, state, or nation
Islam Belief in one all-powerful compassionate God (Allah). Muhammad was the prophet of this religion and its Five Pillars. It started in Arabia around 620 CE.
Human Rights Rights identified as being held by all humans from birth by virtue of belonging to a civil society; rights such as freedom of speech and expression, right to vote, practice a religion, equal treatment before the law, freedom from abuse by public authority
Christianity Religion that started around 30 CE in Palestine after the death of Jesus, a Jew; Belief that Jesus is the son of God and the redeemer of humankind; the bible is the holy text, Ten Commandments
Judaism Religion that started around 2000 BCE in Palestine where they believe in one God, the Ten Commandments, and their holy text is the Torah
Monotheism Worship of only one God
Belief System A set of ideas and practices that help explain the origins of life, what happens after people die, and how to live a good life
Consolidate Make (something) physically stronger or more solid or to combine (a number of things) into a single more effective or coherent whole
Republic Is a sovereign state/country which is organized with a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law
Buddhism This religion/philosophy taught one to seek the middle path through meditation. Understanding the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path would help one reach the goal of Nirvana. It started in Northern India (present day Pakistan) in the 500sBCE
Daoism Began in China 500 BCE; belief in following natural spontaneity, desire for harmony, and the sense of the absurd, and to follow 'The Way'
Confucianism His students gathered his ideas in a book called the Analects. This philosophy taught proper conduct through the Five Relationships- respect for parents, ancestors, teachers, and rulers. Good government was important.
Polis Greek word that means city-state
Legalism A school of Chinese philosophy that social harmony is achieved, through strict laws, a strong central control and absolute obedience to authority. They stressed direction of all human activity toward the goal of increasing the power of the ruler/state
Empire A group of once separate areas ruled by a single person or government
Hinduism The Vedas are considered sacred. There is one God who can take many forms. The goal of this religion is to achieve Moksha and one can do this through having good Karma and Dharma and reincarnation. Ahimsa, or nonviolence is observed.
Dynasty A series of rulers from the same family or group
Ethnocentrism Belief in the intrinsic superiority of the nation, culture, or group to which one belongs.
Secular Denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis; worldly
Terrace Farming The technique of creating flat farmland on a hill by digging into the slope, leveling off a horizontal area, and using the soil that was dug out to support the field by building a wall above it
Created by: Ms.Sala