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Ch 09 A Terms

Acquiring Medical Language

TermDefinition
arteriopathy disease of the arteries
aortitis inflammation of the aorta
aortic aneurysm bulging or swelling of the aorta
aortic regurgitation flow of blood backward from the aorta into the heart; caused by a weak heart valve
angioma blood vessel tumor
aneurysm bulge in a blood vessel
angiocarditis inflammation of the heart vessel
angioedema swelling of the blood vessels
arteritis inflammation of the arteries
atrial fibrillation quivering or spontaneous contraction of muscle fibers in the heart's atrium
atrial septal defect flaw in the septum that divides the two atria of the heart
cardiac arrest cessation of functional circulation
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
carditis inflammation of the heart
congenital heart defect flaw in the structure of the heart, present at birth
congestive cardiomyopathy heart cavity is unable to pump all the blood out of it (congestive) and becomes stretched (dilated), which causes weak/slow pumping of blood
congestive heart failure heart failure characterized by the heart cavity being unable to pump all the blood out of it (congestive)
coronary thrombosis obstruction of a coronary artery by a clot
deep vein thrombosis the formation of a blood clot deep in the body, most commonly in the leg
dilated cardiomyopathy another term for congestive cardiomyopathy
endocarditis inflammation of the tissue lining inside of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypertropic cardiomyopathy heart muscle becomes enlarged and blocks blood flow
hypotension low blood pressure
myocardial infarction death of heart muscle tissue
myocardial ischemia blockage of the blood to the heart muscle
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
normotension normal blood pressure
pericardial effusion fluid pouring out into the tissue around the heart
pericarditis inflammation of the tissue around the heart
phlebitis inflammation of the veins
phlebostenosis narrowing of the veins
restrictive cardiomyopathy heart muscle hardens, restricting the expansion of the heart and thus limiting the amount of blood it can pump to the rest of the body
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein caused by a clot
valvulitits inflammation of a heart valve
vasculitis inflammation of blood vessels
ventricular septal defect flaw in the septum that divides the two ventricles of the heart
Created by: DarrinWan