Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

chapter 13 assess

Assessment Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
ACROMEGALY syndrome that results when the pituitary gland produces excess growth hormone (hGH) after epiphyseal plate closure at puberty causes enlarged jaws and facial bones
ADVENTITIOUS SOUNDS Abnormal breath sounds
ANEURYSM a localized, blood-filled dilation (balloon-like bulge) of a blood vessel[1] caused by disease or weakening of the vessel wall.
APHASIA is an acquired language disorder in which there is an impairment of any language modality
ARCUS SENILIS a white or gray opaque ring in the corneal margin (peripheral corneal opacity) present at birth[citation needed] or appearing later in life and becoming quite frequent after age 50.
ATHEROSCLEROSIS the condition in which an artery wall thickens as the result of a build-up of fatty materials such as cholesterol
ATROPHIED the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Causes of atrophy include poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, disuse or lack of exercise or disease intrinsic to the tissue its
AUSCULATION technical term for listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope;
BASEL CELL CARCINOMA the most common type of skin cancer. It rarely metastasizes or kills, but it is still considered malignant because it can cause significant destruction and disfigurement[1][2] by invading surrounding tissues
BENIGN(FIBROCYSTIC) BREAST DISEASE benign (noncancerous) changes in the tissues of the breast
CORE TEMPERATURE also known as normothermia or euthermia, is a concept that depends upon the place in the body at which the measurement is made, and the time of day and level of activity of the body. Although the value 37.0 °C (98.6 °F) is the commonly accepted average co
DYSRHYTHMIA medical condition causing irregular heart rate
EUPNEA normal, good, unlaboured ventilation, sometimes known as quiet breathing or resting respiration
MALIGMENT HYPERTHERMIA heriditary condition for uncontrolled heat prodution
BORBORYGMI also known as stomach growling, or rumbling, is the rumbling sound produced by the movement of gas through the intestines of animals, including humans
BRUIT term for the unusual sound that blood makes when it rushes past an obstruction (called turbulent flow) in an artery when the sound is auscultated with the bell portion of a stethoscope
CERUMEN EARWAX
CHANCRES a painless ulceration formed during the primary stage of syphilis
CLUBBING bulging of tissue at the nail base
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva (the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids), most commonly due to an allergic reaction or an infection
CRACKLES heard in dependent lobes caused by randon and sudden inflamation of gruops of alveoli
RHONCHI heard over brohchi and trachea caused by muscle spasm or fluid and mucus in larger airways.
WHEESES Heard over all lung fields cuased by high velocity air flow over though severely narrowed bronchus
Pleural friction rub is heard over anterior lateral lung field cause by inflamed pleura, parietal pleura rubbing against viseral pleura
DYSMENORRHEA medical condition characterized by severe uterine pain during menstruation. While most women experience minor pain during menstruation, dysmenorrhea is diagnosed when the pain is so severe as to limit normal activities, or require medication.
DYSPNEA breathlessness
ORTHOPNEA dificulty breathing, must be in upright position to breath
DYSRHYTHMIA irregular heartrate
ECTROPION eyelid margins that turn out
ENTROPION eyelid margins that turn in, lashes turn in and increase risk of infection
ERYTHEMA RED DISCOLORATION IN SKIN
EXCORIATION REDNESS AND SKIN SLOUGHING CAUSES BY MECHANICAL MEANS
EXOSTOSIS BONY GROWTH
GINGIVAE GUMS
HEMATEMESIS BLOODY EMESIS
MELENA BLACK TARRY STOOLS - BLOOD IN STOOLS
HERNIA PROTUSION OF A PORTION OF THE INTESTINE THUOGH THE INGUINLNAL WALL OR CANAL
HYDROCEPHALUS ACCULULATION OF CEREBRAL FLUIDS IN THE VENTRICLES, IN INFANTS THIS CUASES A LARGE HEAD
HYPERTONICITY INCREASED MUSCLE TONE solution contains a greater concentration of impermeable solutes than the solution on the other side of the membrane.[
HYPOTONICITY MUSCLE WITH LITTLE TONE solution contains a greater concentration of impermeable solutes than the solution on the other side of the membrane.[
KYPHOSIS HUNCHBACK
LORDOSIS SWAYBACK, INCREASING LUMBER CURVATURE
SCOLIOSIS LATERAL SPINE CURVATURE
INDURATION hardening of an area of the body as a reaction to inflammation, hyperemia, or neoplastic infiltration, or (b) an area or part of the body that has undergone such a reaction.[1] Most often this term is used to describe dermatologic findings.
TURGOR SKINS ELASTICITY
PETECHIAE PINPOINT PURPLE AND RED SPOTS ON THE SKIN CAUSED BY SMALL HEMORRHAGES IN THE SKIN LAYERS. INDICATES BLLOD-CLOTTING DISORDERS, DRUG REACTIONS, LIVER DISEASE
JUANDICE also known as icterus (attributive adjective: icteric), is a yellowish discoloration of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by hyperbilirubinemia (increased levels of bilirubin in t
LEUKOPLAKIA THICK WHITE PATCHES IN THE MUCUSA OF THE MOUTH, OFTEN PRECANCEROUS,SEEN IN HEAVY SMOKERS AND ALCOHOLICS
MELANOMA AGGRESSIVE FORM OF SKIN CANCER, OCCURS PRIMARILY IN LIGHT PIGMENTED PEOPLE
erythema redness or inflamation of the skin
metastasize to spread
opthalmoscope instrument to illuminate the struture of the eye
otoscope instrument to view the inner structure of the ear
ototoxicity drug or sunstanse that causes adverse reaction to the ear
pallor decrease in skin color
palpation an object is felt (usually with the hands of a healthcare practitioner) to determine its size, shape, firmness, or location
palpitation an abnormal awareness of the beating of the heart,[1] whether it is too slow, too fast, irregular, or at its normal frequency
papanicolaou (Pap smear) test for cervical or vaginal cancer
paralytic ileus temporay paralysis of intestinal wall, usually after surgery or injury
percussion tapping the body with finger tips to produce a vibration
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum (the serous membrane which lines part of the abdominal cavity and some of the viscera it contains)
PERRLA acronym for pupils equal, round reactive to light, recorder in PE if eye are normal
phlebitis immflamation of a vien
point of maximal impulse PMI anatomical point between 4th and 5 th intercostal space at mid clavical line where heartbeat can be easily palpated thruogh the chest wall
ptosis abnormal dropping of the eyelid cause by edema or 3rd cranial nerve
stenosis abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure
striae stretch marks
syncope breif lapse of consiousness cause by transient cerebral hypoxia
thrill palpabile bruit
tinnitus ringing in ear
vertigo loss of equilibrium
hematuria blood in urine
micturition urination
bacteriuria bacteria in urine
urosepsis organisms in blood UTI
hemoptysis spitting up blood
exudate drainage from wound
purulent pus
Normal nail transparent, smooth, convex, pink and translucent.
Clubbing change in angle, lack of o2, heart or pulmonary
Beau’s lines depressions, severe infection
Koilonychia spoon nail, concave curves, iron deficiency enemia, syphilis, use of detergents
Splinter hemorrhages linear streaks in nail beds, trauma, trichinosis (round worm from pork)
Paronychia Inflamation of skin at nail, local infection, trama
Cyanosis blueish skin, best observed in nail beds
Ecchymosis bruise
Orientation means direction of some axis or vector or pseudo-vector
Eversion the anatomical term of motion denoting the movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane
Expressive aphasia cannot speak
Receptive aphasia cannot receive communication
Photophobia excessive sensitivity to light and the aversion to sunlight
Diplopia commonly known as double vision
Macule nonpalpable change in skin color, smaller than 1 cm
Ulcer deep loss of skin tissue surface, bleeds and scars
pustule small elevated lesion filled with pus,ance, staphylococcal
vesicle small evelavted lesion filled with serous fluid, chicked pox, herpes
papule papalple lesion smaller than 1 cm
nodule elveated lesion deeper than a papule
tumor solid mass that extens thruogh subcutananeous tissue
wheal hive or mosquito bite
atrophy thinning of skin, artieral insufficiency
Created by: pbprider