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Ch. 16 7th grade

North Africa and Southwest Asia Today

What Arab region was the land Jews had lived in 2,000 years ago and came under Great Britain's control after WWI? Palestine
Who are the highly nationalistic mountain people who live in many nations, such as Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey? Kurds
What is the name of the pilgrimage to Mecca required of Muslims? Hajj
What is the ninth month of the Islamic year, during which Muslims fast? Ramadan
What Egyptian president was assassinated because of his peace treaty with Israel? Anwar Sadat
Who overthrew King Farouk and turned Egypt into a republic Gamal Abdel Nasser
What was a collective farm established by early Jewish Zionists? Kibbutz
What is the Jewish Day of Atonement? Yom Kippur
What women ruled Turkey during the 1990s? Tansu Ciller
Who was responsible for westernizing Turkey? Mustafa Kemal
What is another name for the peasant farmers in today Egypt? Fellahin
What is the organization of oil producing countries? OPEC
What is the movement to return Jews to their ancient homeland in the Middle East? Zionism
Term used when a country controlled by another as the result of an internal agreement Mandate
According to what, can Jew anywhere in the world immigrate to Israel and become citizens? Law of Return
What Egyptian ruler was overthrown by Gamal Abdel Nasser? King Farouk
What branch did most people of Iran belong? Shi'ite
After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, what happened to most of its former territory? It was divided between France and Great Britain
What is the most important primary product of Southwest Asia? Oil
What's the main purpose of building the Suez Canal? increase trade
What was the first Arab state to sign a peace treaty with Israel? Egypt
In which Middle Eastern country are woman encouraged to work outside the home and require to perform military service? Israel
What group of Israelis does not have equal rights compared with the rest of the population? Arab Israelis
What organization is Turkey a member of today? NATO
Created by: Hintze