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LTI-Ch. 13/Blood Sys

The Blood System

QuestionAnswer
ALBUMIN PROTEIN IN THE BLOOD; MAINTAINS THE PROPER AMOUNT OF WATER IN THE BLOOD
ANTIBODY PROTEIN (IMMUNOGLOBULIN)PRODUCED BY LYMPHOCYTES IN RESPONSE TO BACTERIA, VIRUSES, OR OTHER ANTIGENS. THIS IS SPECIFIC TO AN ANTIGEN AND INACTIVATES IT
ANTIGEN SUBSTANCE (USUALLY FOREIGN) THAT STIMULATES THE PRODUCTION OF AN ANTIBODY
BASOPHIL GRANULOCYTIC WHITE BLOOD CELL WITH GRANULES THAT STAIN BLUE WHEN EXPOSED TO A BASIC DIE
BILIRUBIN ORANGE-YELLOW PIGMENT IN BILE. IT IS FORMED BY THE BREAKDOWN OF HEMOGLOBIN WHEN RED BLOOD CELLS DIE
COAGULATION BLOOD CLOTTING
COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR (CSF) PROTEIN THAT STIMULATES THE GROWTH AND PROLIFERATION OF WHITE BLOOD CELLS (GRANULOCYTES)
DIFFERENTIATION CHANGE IN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF A CELL AS IT MATURES; SPECIALIZATION
ELECTROPHORESIS METHOD OF SEPERATING SERUM PROTEINS BY ELECTRICAL CHARGE
EOSINOPHIL GRANULOCYTIC WHITE BLOOD CELL WITH GRANULES THAT STAIN RED WITH ACIDIC DYE EOSIN; ASSOCIATED WITH ALLERGI REACTIONS
ERYTHROCYTE RED BLOOD CELL. THERE ARE ABOUT FIVE MILLION MICROLITER OR CUBIC MILLIMETER OF BLOOD
ERYTHROPOIETIN (EPO) HORMONE SECRETED BY THE KIDNEYS THAT STIMULATES FORMATION OF RED BLOOD CELLS
FIBRIN PROTEIN THREADS THAT FORM THE BASIS OF BLOOD CLOT
FIBRINOGEN PLASMA PROTEIN THAT IS COVERTED TO FIBRIN IN THE CLOTTIG PROCESS
GLOBULINS PART OF BLOOD CONTAINING DIFFERENT PLASMA PROTEINS. IMMUNOGLOBINS AND ALPHA AND BETA GLOBINS ARE EXAMPLES
GRANULOCYTE WHITE BLOOD CELL WITH NUMEROUS DARK-STAINING GRANULES:EOSINOPHIL, NEUTROPHIL, AND BASOPHIL
HEME IRON-CONTANING NONPROTEIN PORTION OF THE HEMOGLOBIN MOLECULE
HEMOGLOBIN BLOOD PROTEIN CONTAINING IRON; CARRIES OXYGEN IN RED BLOOD CELLS
HEPARIN ANTICOAGULANT FOUND IN BLOOD AND TISSUE CELLS
HEMOLYSIS DESTRUCTION OR BREAKDOWN OF BLOOD (RED BLOOD CELLS)
IMMUNE REACTION RESPONSE OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM TO FOREIGN INVASION
IMMUNOGLOBULIN PROTEIN (GLOBULIN) WITH ANTIBODY ACTIVITY; EXAMPLES ARE IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE, IgD. IMMUN/O MEANS PROTECTION
LEUKOCYTE WHITE BLOOD CELL
LYMPHOCYTE MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTE THAT PRODUCES ANTIBODIES
MACROPHAGE MONOCYTE THAT MIGRATES FROM THE BLOOD TO TISSUE SPACES. IT IS A LARGE PHAGOCYTE
MEGAKARYOCYTE LARGE PLATELET PRECURSOR CELL FOUND IN BONE MARROW
MONOCYTE LARGE MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTIC LEUKOCYTE FORMED IN THE BONE MARROW. THESE BECOME MACROPHAGES AS TEHY LEAVE THE BLOOD AND ENTER BODY TISSUE
NEUTROPHIL GRANULOCYTIC LEUKOCYTE FORMED IN BONE MARROW; A PHAGOCYTE WITH NEUTRAL-STAINING GRANULES; ALSO CALLED A POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTE, OR "POLY"
PLASMA LIQUID PORTION OF BLOOD; CONTAINS WATER, PROTEINS, NUTRIENTS, HORMONES AND VITAMINS
PLASMAPHERESIS REMOVAL OF PLASMA FROM WITHDRAWN BLOOD BY CENTRIFUGE. COLLECTED CELLS ARE RETRANSFERED BACK INTO THE DONOR. FRESH-FROZEN PLASMA OR SALT SOLUTION IS USED TO REPLACE WITHDRAWN PLASMA
PLATELET SMALLEST BLOOD CELL (THROMBOCYTE); THESE CELLS CLUMP AT SITES OF INJURY TO PREVENT BLEEDING AND FACILITATE CLOTTING
PROTHROMBIN PLASMA PROTEIN; CONVERTED TO THROMBIN IN TEH CLOTTING PROCESS
RETICULOCYTE IMMATURE ERYTHROCYTE WITH A NETWORK OF STRANDS (RETICULIN) THAT ARE SEEN AFTER STAINING THE CELL WITH SPECIAL DYES
Rh FACTOR ANTIGEN ON RED BLOOD CELLS OF Rh-POSITIVE INDIVIDUALS. THE FACTOR WAS FIRST IDENTIFIED IN THE BLOOD OF A RHESUS MONKEY
SERUM PLASMA MINUS CLOTTING PROTEINS AND CELLS. CLEAR, YELLOWISH FLUID THAT SEPARATES FROM BLOOD WHEN IT IS ALLOWED TO CLOT. IT IS FORMED FROM PLASMA, BUT DOES NOT CONTAIN PROTEIN-COAGULATION FACTORS
STEM CELL UNSPECIALIZED CELL THAT GIVES RISE TO MATURE, SPECIALIZED FORMS. A HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL IS THE PROGENITOR FOR ALL DIFFERENT TYPES OF BLOOD CELLS
THROMBIN ENZYME THAT CONVERTS FIBRINOGEN DURING COAGULATION
THROMBOCYTE PLATELET
Created by: nhess0810