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Chapter 7

Blood Collection Equiptment, Additives, and Order of Draw

blood to additive ratio for a light blue tube 9 to 1
needle guages smallets to largest 23g smallest, 18g = largest
green stopper additive heparin
antiglycolytic agent functiton preserves glucose
used to clean site antiseptic alcohol
if terniquet is soild throw it away
how to choose needle guage age, size and condition of veins
lavendar stopper additive ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)
glass particles in tubes cause what makes coagulation faster
what does heparin do inhibits thronbin wich prevents clotting
disinfectant types sodium hypochlorite (household bleach) large spill 1/100, small spill 1/10
bevel slanted, facing up
EDTA, Heparin and Sodium Citrate sterile SPS (draw of order using syringe) first light blue (sodium citrate), last Lavendar (EDTA)
light blue, lavandar and gray top additives light blue- sodium citrate, lavendar- EDTA, gray- sodium floride
rapid serum additive thrombin
additive that has the most carryover problems ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)
biocides alcohol, peroxide and iodine
order/color of draw for hematology, coagulation and stat chemistry test hemotology, coagulation and chemistry stat
needle for small veins winged infusion blood collection set (butterfly)
disinfectant kills bacteria
platelet activation substances increases surface for platelet activation
blood tranfer device tranfers blood safely
how do evactuation tubes fill vacume