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Chapter 14

Arterial Punctures Procedures Terms

ABG"S Arterial Blood Gases
Allen Test A simple noninvasive test to assess circulation before collecting blood from the radial artery.
Arteriospasms Ann involentary reflex contraction of the artery that can be caused by pain or irritation during needle penetration of the artery muscle or that may result from a patient's anxiety during arterial puncture.
Collateral Circulation An area supplied with blood from more then one artery so that circulation can be maintained if one vessel is obstructed.
Femoral Artery Large artery located superfically near the grown, lateral to the pubic bone: It is the largest artery for arterial punctures.
Radial artery The artery located at the thumb sideor the wrist, which is the first choice and nost common site for arterial punctures.
Steady State Stable condition required before obtaining blood gas specimans; that is, a condition in which there has been no excercise, suctioning, or respiratory change for at least 20 to 30 minutes.
Ulnar Artery Artery located on the medial aspect or little finger side or the wrist. This artery is normally off limits to arterial speciamen collection.
Created by: 1615270781843291



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