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Mtodd digestive sys.

medical terminology associated with the digestive system

QuestionAnswer
RECT/O RECTUM
PROCT/O ANUS, RECTUM
AN/O ANUS
HEPAT/O LIVER
PANCREAT/O PANCREAS
CHOLANGI/O BILE VESSEL
CHOL/E BILE, GALL
CHOLECYST/O GALLBLADDER
CHOLEDOCH/O BILE DUCT
-EMESIS VOMIT
-IASIS ABNORMAL CONDITION
-MEGALY ENLARGEMENT
-OREXIA APPETITE
-PEPSIA DIGESTION
-PHAGIA SWALLOWING, EATING
-PRANDIAL MEAL
-RRHEA DISCHARGE, FLOW
DIA- THROUGH, ACROSS
PERI- AROUND
SUB- UNDER, BELOW
ASYMPTOMATIC WITHOUT SYMPTOMS
GASTROENTEROLOGY THE BRANCH OF MEDICINE CONCERENED WITH DIGESTIVE DISEASES.
_____DEVELOPS IN THE PARTS OF TH EGI TRACT THAT ARE EXPOSED TO HYDROCHLORIC ACID AND PEPSIN. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE (PUD)
_____IS A CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE OF THE LARGE INTESTINE AND RECTUM. ULCERATIVE COLITIS
___IS CAUSED BY STOMACH ACID BACKING UP INTO THE ESOPHAGUS, CAUSING HEARTBURN. GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD).
_________IS THE LACK OF OR LOSS OF APPETITE, RESULTING IN THE INABILITY TO EAT. ANOREXIA
AN ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF FLUID INTHE ABDOMEN IS CALLED_____? ASCITES
_____IS THE RUMBLING OR GURGLING NOISES THAT ARE AUDIBLE AT A DISTANCE. BORBORYGMUS
___THE PHYSICAL WASTING THT INCLUDES LOSS OF WEIGHT AND MUSCLE MASS. CACHEXIA
THE PRESENCE OR FORMATION OF GALLSTONES IN THE GALLBLADDER OR COMMON BILE DUCT. CHOLELITHIASIS
SPASM IN ANY HOLLOW OR TUBULAR SOFT ORGAN ESPECIALLY IN THE COLON,ACCOMPANIED BY PAIN. COLIC
CHRONIC INFLAMMATION, USUALLY OF THE ILEUM,ALSO CALLED REGIONAL ENTERITIS. CHROHN DISEASE
THE ACT OF SWALLOWING. DEGLUTITION
EPIGASTRIC DISCOMFORT FELT AFTER EATING, ALSO CALLED INDEGESTION. DYSPEPSIA
THE INABILITY OR DIFFICULTY IN SWALLOWING,ALSO CALLED APHAGIA DYSPHAGIA
OFFENSIVE OR BAD BREATH. HALITOSIS
VOMITING OF BLOOD HEMATEMESIS
SYMPTOM COMPLEX MARKED BY ABDOMINAL PAIN AND ALTERED BOWEL FUNCTION. IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME (IBS)
PASSAGE OF DARK-COLORED,TARRY STOOLS, DUE TO THE PRESENCE OF BLOOD. MELENA
EXCESSIVE ACCUMULATION OF FAT THAT EXCEEDS THE BODY'S SKELETAL AND PHYSICAL STANDARDS. OBESITY
BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) OF 40 OR GREATER. MORBID OBESITY
SEVERE CONSTIPATION OBSTIPATION
PROGRESSIVE, WAVELIKE MOVEMENT THAT OCCURS INVOLUNTARILY IN HOLLOW TUBES OF THE BODY. PERISTALSIS
BACKWARD FLOWING AS INTHE RETURN OF SOLIDS OR FLUIDS TO THE MOUTH FROM THE STOMACH. REGURGITATION
APPLYING A SUBSTANCE CALLED GUAIAC TO A STOOL SAMPLE TO DETECT PRESENCE OF OCCULT(HIDDEN) BLOOD IN FECES. STOOL GUAIAC
RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION OF THE RECTUM AND COLON FOLLOWING ENEMA ADMINISTRATION OF BARIUM SULFATE. BARIUM ENEMA (BE)
ENDOSCOPIC PROCEDURE THAT PROVIDESRADIOGRAPHIC VISUALIZATION OF THE BILE AND PANCREATIC DUCTS TO IDENTIFY PARTIAL OR TOTAL OBSTRUCTION. ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY(ERCP)
SURGICAL JOINING OF TWO DUCTS, VESSELS, OR BOWEL SEGMENTS. ANASTOMOSIS
PROCEDURE FOR CRUSHING A STONE. LITHOTRIPSY
USE OF SHOCK WAVES AS A NONINVASIVE METHOD TO BREAK UP STONES IN THE GALLBLADDER. EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCKWAVE
EXCISION OF A POLYP. POLYPECTOMY
COUNTERACTS OR NEUTRALIZES ACIDITY. ANTACIDS
CONTROL LOOSE STOOLS AND RELIEVE DIARRHEA ANTIDIARRHEALS
CONTROL NAUSEA AND VOMITING ANTIEMETICS
DECREASE GASTROINTESTINAL SPASMS ANTISPASMODICS
TREAT CONSTIPATION LAXATIVES
ALK PHOS ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE
Ba BARIUM
BE, BaE BARIUM ENEMA
BM BOWEL MOVEMENT
BMI BODY MASS INDEX
CF CYSTIC FIBROSIS
CT COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
EGD ESOPHAGOGASTRODUODENOSCOPY
ERCP ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY
GB GALLBLADDER
GERD GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
GI GASTROINTESTINAL
HAV HEPATITIS A VIRUS
HBV HEPATITIS B VIRUS
HCV HEPATITIS C VIRUS
HDV HEPATITIS D VIRUS
HEV HEPATITIS E VIRUS
IBS IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
LFT LIVER FUNCTION TEST
NG NASOGASTRIC
STAT IMMEDIATELY
PUD PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
R/O RULE OUT
a.c. before meals
b.i.d. twice a day
hs half strength
h.s. at bedtime
NPO, n.p.o. nothing by mouth
pc, p.c. after meals
p.o. by mouth
p.r.n. as required
qAM every morning
q.d. every day
q.h. every hour
q.2h. every 2 hours
q.i.d. four times a day
q.o.d. every other day
qPM every evening
t.i.d. three times a day
Created by: cheylene_johnson