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Cold War

Review terms/people/events of the Cold War

TermDefinition
Cold War Competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for power and influence in the world between 1945-1991.
Truman Doctrine US foreign policy that said the US would provide military support to countries that were fighting communism
Foreign Policy A strategy for how one country deals with another country
Marshall Plan US foreign policy that said the US would provide money support to countries that were fighting communism
Space Race Competition between the US and USSR to see who could get to the moon first
Arms Race Competition between the US and the USSR to see who could have the most nuclear weapons
Berlin Airlift US operation to give food and supplies to the people of West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city
Berlin Wall Constructed by Russia to stop people from leaving communist East Germany and East Berlin
Jacob Arbenz Leader of Guatemala who wanted to improve working conditions and reduce US influence but was removed by the US CIA in a secret operation
Fidel Castro Takes over Cuba after a communist revolution
Cuban Missile Crisis After the failure of the US to overthrow Fidel Castro, the Soviet Union sent nuclear weapons to Cuba and the US blockaded the shipment
Korean War Conflict in which a communist north invaded the democratic south in order to reunify; the US and other countries were wanted and got involved to stop the spread of communism.
Mao Zedong Communist leader of China and totalitarian dictator
Cultural Revolution Mao Zedong's propaganda campaign to "brainwash" citizens into believing he was the best leader ever
Great Leap Forward Mao Zedong's program to rapidly industrialize China; poorly planned and many people died
Ho Chi Minh Communist leader of North Vietnam; wanted to reunify Vietnam and get foreign influence out
Vietnam War Conflict in which a communist north invaded the south in order to reunify; the US got involved even though it was not wanted because the US wanted to stop the spread of communism
Agent Orange Chemical used in the Vietnam War
Draft Forced service in the military
Collectivization Mao Zedong's program to create large collections of farms and tell people what to grow on them; resulted in starvation and deaths
Domino Theory Belief that the US had to get involved in Vietnam because all of Asia would fall to communism if Vietnam became Communist
Nikita Khruschev Leader of the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s who wanted to move away from Stalin's brutal policies and negotiated with the US during the Cuban Missile Crisis
Gulf of Tonkin Incident Event in which US navy ships were fired upon (not sure who really did it); US uses this as an excuse to get more involved in Vietnam
Mikhail Gorbachev Leader of the Soviet Union in the 1980s who allowed more democratic and capitalist policies to be implemented to help the Russian economy
Glasnost Openness of Russian government; allowed freedom of speech and press = more democratic
Perestroika Restructuring of the Russian economy; allowed people to have choices and go into business = more capitalist
Created by: jsimmons1985