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Cardivascular system

TermDefinition
Anastomosis (anastom= opening) (-osis= condition) Surgical connection between blood vessels or the joining of one hollow or tubular organ to another
Aneurysm Abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel.
Angina Pectoris (angin(a)= to choke) (pector= chest) (-is= pertaining to) Chest pain that occurs when diseased blood vessels restrict blood flow to the heart. It is the most common symptom of coronary artery disease (CAD) and is often referred to as angina.
Angioma (angi= vessel) (-oma= tumor) Tumor of a blood vessel
Angioplasty (angi/o= vessel) (-plasty= surgical repair) Surgical repair of a blood vessel(s) or a nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery
Angiostenosis (angi/o= vessel) (sten= narrowing) (-osis= condition) Pathological condition of the narrowing of a blood vessel
Arrhythmia (a-= lack of) (rrhythm= rhythm) (-ia= condition) Irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat; also called dysrhythmia.
Arterial (arter/i= artery) (-al= pertaining to) Pertaining to an artery
Arteriosclerosis (arteri/o= artery) (scler= hardening) (-osis= condition) Pathological condition of hardening of arteries. Arteriosclerotic heart disease (ASHD) is hardening of the coronary arteries.
Arteritis (arter= artery) (-itis= inflammation) Inflammation of an artery
Artificial Pacemaker Electronic device that stimulates impulse initiation within the heart. It is a small, battery-operated device that helps the heart beat in a regular rhythm.
Atheroma (ather= fatty substance, porridge tumor) (-oma= tumor) Tumor of an artery containing a fatty substance
Atherosclerosis (ather/o= fatty substance, porridge tumor) (scler= hardening) (-osis= condition) Pathological condition of the arteries characterized by the buildup of fatty substances and hardening of the walls
Auscultation (auscultat= listen to) (-ion= process) Method of physical assessment using a stethoscope to listen to sounds within the chest, abdomen, and other parts of the body.
Automated External Defibrillator(AED) Portable automatic device used to restore normal heart rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest.
Bicuspid (bi-= tow) (-cuspid= point) Valve with two cusps; pertaining to the mitral valve
Bradycardia (brady-= slow) (card= heart) (-ia= condition) Abnormally slow heartbeat defined as fewer that 60 beats per minute
Bruit Pathological noise; a sound of venous or arterial origin heard on auscultation
Cardiac (cardi= heart) (-ac= pertaining to) Pertaining to the heart
Cardiac arrest Loss of effective heart function, which results in cessation of functional circulation. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) results in sudden death.
Cardiologist (cardi/o= heart) (log= study of) (-ist= one who specializes) Physician who specializes in the study of the heart
Cardiology (cardi/o= heart) (-logy= study of) Literally means study of heart
Cardiomegaly (cardi/o= heart) (-megaly= enlargement, large) Enlargement of the heart
Cardiomyopathy (CMP) (cardi/o= heart) (my/o= muscle) (-pathy= disease) Disease of the heart muscle that leads to generalized deterioration of the muscle and its pumping ability. It can be caused by multiple factors, including viral infections.
Cardiopulmonary (cardi/o= heart) (pulom= lung) (-ary= pertaining to) Pertaining to the hear and lungs (H&L)
Cardiotonic (cardi/o= heart) (ton= tone) (-ic= pertaining to) A class of medication that is used to increase the tone (pumping strength) of the heart
Cardiovascular (CV) (cardi/o= heart) (vascul= small vessel) (-ar= pertaining to) Pertaining to the heart and small blood vessels
Cardioversion (cardi/o= heart) (vers= turning) (-ion= process) Medical procedure used to treat cardiac arrhythmias. An electrical shock is delivered to the heart to restore its normal rhythm.
Created by: ch1017
 

 



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