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Chabner Ch.9

Male Reproductive System: Pronunciation of Terms

TermDefinition
Bulbourethral Glands Pair of exocrine glands near male urethra. Secrete fluid into urethra. AKA Cowper Glands
Ejaculation Ejection of sperm and fluid from male urethra
Ejaculatory Duct Tube through which semen enters male urethra
Epididymis (plural: epididymides) One of a pair long, tightly coiled tubes above each testis. Stores and carries sperm from seminiferous tubules to vas deferens
Erectile Dysfunction Inability of adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
Flagellum Hair-like projection on sperm cell that makes it motile
Fraternal twins Two infants resulting from fertilization of two separate ova by two separate sperm cells
Glans Penis Sensitive tip of penis; comparable to clitoris in female
Identical Twins Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos. Conjoined twins are incompletely separated identical twins
Interstitial cells of the testes Specialized cells that lie adjacent to the seminiferous tubules in testes. Produce testosterone. AKA Leydig Cells
Parenchymal tissue Essential distinctive cells of an organ. In testis, seminiferous tubules that produce sperm are parenchymal
Penis Male external organ or reproduction
Perineum External region between anus and scrotum in male
Prepuce Foreskin, fold of skin covering tip of penis
Prostate Gland Exocrine gland at base of male urinary bladder. Secretes fluid that contributes to semen during ejaculation.
Scrotum External sac that contains the testes
Semen Spermatozoa (sperm cells) and seminal fluid (prostatic and seminal vesicle secretions) discharged from urethra during ejaculation
Seminal Vesicles Paired sac-like exocrine glands that secrete fluid (major component of semen) into vas deferens
Seminiferous Tubules Narrow coiled tubules that produce sperm in testes
Spermatozoon (plural: spermatozoa) Sperm cell
Sterilization Procedure that removes a person's ability to produce or release reproductive cells; removal of testicles, vasectomy, and oophorectomy are sterilization procedures
Stromal Tissue Supportive, connective tissue of an organ, distinguished from its parenchyma. AKA stroma
Testies (plural: testes) Male gonad (testicle) that produces spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone.
Testosterone Hormone secreted by interstitial tissue of testes; responsible for male sex characteristics
Vas Deferens Narrow tube (one on each side) carrying sperm from epididymis toward urethra. AKA ductus deferens
Carcinoma of the Testes (tesicular cancer) Malignant tumor of testicles.
Cryptorchidism; Cryptorchism Undescended testicles
Hydrocele Sac of clear fluid in scrotum
Testicular Torsion Twisting of the spermatic cord
Varicocele Englarged, dilated veins near testicle
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Benign growth of cells within the prostate gland -TURP relieves obstruction
Carcinoma of the Prostate (prostate cancer) Malignant tumor of the prostate gland -Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) detect tumor at later stage
Hypospadias Congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of its tip
Phimosis Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis
Chlamydial Infection Bacterial invasion of the urethra and reproductive tract
Gonorrhea Inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonococci (berry-shaped bacteria)
Herpes Genitalis Infection of skin and genital mucosa, caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV)
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection Infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region by the HPV
Syphilis Chronic STI caused by a spirochete (spiral-shaped bacterium)
PSA test Measurement of levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood
Semen Analysis Microscopic examination of ejaculated fluid
Castration Surgical excision of testicles or ovaries
Circumsicion Surgical procedure to remove the prepuce of the penis
Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) Finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland
Photoselective Vaporization of the Prostate (GreenLight PVP) Removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (laser TURP)
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) Excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through urethra
Vasectomy Bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens -Ligation (tying and binding off)
Androgen Testosterone; testes in males and adrenal glands in me/women produce androgens
Aspermia Lack of semen (sperm and fluid)
Azoospermia Lack of spermatozoa in the semen
Balanitis Inflammation caused by overgrowth of organisms (bacteria and yeast)
Chancre hard ulcer or sore
Cryogenic surgery Technique for prostate cancer treatment using freezing temperatures to destroy cancer cells
Embryonal Carcinoma Hemorrhagic mass
Epididymitis inflammation usually caused by bacteria
Impotence inability of a male to sustain an erection or achieve ejaculation
Oligospermia Pertaining to scanty amount of sperm
Orchiectomy Castration in males; orchidectomy
Orchitis caused by injury or by mumps virus, also infects the salivary glands
Penile (ile) pertaining to penis
Penoscrotal Pt. to penis and scrotum
Prostatectomy removal of prostate gland
Prostatitis inflammation of prostate gland. often associated with urethritis and infection of lower urinary tract
-spadias condition of tearing or cutting
phim/o muzzle
brachy- near
Purulent pus-filled
gon/o seed
Seminoma -most common tumor -arises from embryonic cells in testes -pale, homogeneous mass
Spermatogenesis formation of sperm
Spermolytic breakdown of sperm
Teratoma tumor occurs in testes- malignant ovaries- benign -composed of different types of tissue
Testicular cancer in the testes
Vasovasostomy reversal of vasectomy; urologist rejoins the cut ends of the vas deferens
Created by: jaclynn