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Ancient Greece

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
King Minos The Minoan civilization was named after him.
Mycenae The greatest of the early Greek city-states.
plunder Valuables seized in wartime.
Trojan War War fought between the Greeks and the people of Troy, gods and goddesses helped heroes on both sides of the battle.
Troy A city on the western coast of Asia Minor.
myths Traditional stories that may include gods and goddesses and often try to explain events in nature.
Homer A blind poet who penned the poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
oral tradition Myths and legends passed down by word of mouth, from person to person.
Mount Olympus Where Greeks believed most gods lived.
immortal The gods of Mount Olympus were able to live forever, also believed to have special powers.
Olympic Games In order to honor their gods and goddesses, Greeks held these athletic contests in the city of Olympus.
aristocracy A form of government ruled by members of wealthy, privileged families.
democracy A new form of government ruled by the people.
Athens A city-state that was a great example of Greek democracy.
assembly A group of citizens aged 18 or older who governed Athens.
Pericles One of the greatest leaders in Athens.
helots What slaves were called in Sparta.
Marathon A plain northeast of Athens where the Persian army attacked the Greek mainland.
Golden Age During this time the people of Athens built new temples, created statues and monuments of breathtaking beauty.
philosophers People who study truth and knowledge.
reason Logical thinking.
Delian League The alliance of Athens leaders formed to work together.
Peloponnesian War The war that broke out between Athens and Sparta was called this.
plague A fast-spreading, often deadly disease.
mercenaries Young Greek men who were hired soldiers.
Thebes Where the Spartan army was defeated in a battle against the Greeks.
Macedonia A rising power to the north who became a threat to its Greek neighbors to the south.
Alexander King of Macedonia who, along with his army, and invaded the Persian Empire.
Hellenistic Age A civilization that developed from the blend of Greek and Asian cultures.
Alexandria Founded by Alexander, it became the greatest center of trade and learning.
Pythagoras Created important theories about numbers and music. He also started a school that led to the field of geometry.
Euclid Most important mathematician of the period who worked out the system of plane geometry students study today.
Created by: MacKelley