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Flavin NHA 2018

Flavin NHA 2018 Terminology

QuestionAnswer
antibiotic A medication that kills bacteria and thus treats bacterial infections.
antibody A type of protein the immune system produces to neutralize a threat of some kind.
antigen Any substance capable of inducing a specific immune response and triggering the production of an antibody specific to that substance.
antiplatelet A medication that helps delay blood clotting. This medication differs from an anticoagulant because it affects arterial as well as venous blood.
bacterium A single-cell micro-organism that reproduces rapidly and causes many infections.
bone marrow The soft tissue inside bones that produces blood-forming cells.
carbon dioxide An odorless, colorless gas that forms in the tissues and is eliminated by the lungs.
cardiovascular system The organs and structures of the heart and blood vessels that transport nutrients, water, hormones, gasses, and other substances throughout the body.
chemotaxis The release of chemical substances.
coagulation The process by which a clot forms in the blood.
diffusion The movement of a substance from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
dilate Expand or widen.
edema An excessive buildup of fluid in body tissue.
electrolyte A chemical substance that develops an electrical charge and can conduct an electrical current when placed in water.
empathy Sensitivity to and identification with another person’s problems, without expressing sorrow or sympathy.
ergonomics The design and arrangement of objects so that people interact with them most efficiently and safely.
erythema Redness.
excrete Eliminate
fibrinogen A strong insoluble protein the body produces in response to bleeding to help with clotting.
filtration A process that separates substances by forcing them through a membrane.
fomite Any nonliving object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms.
fungus A micro-organism that grows on or in animals, plants, humans, and food, including yeasts and molds.
herpes simplex A virus that causes blisters either around the mouth and lips (cold sores) or genital area.
hormone A chemical a cell produces that affects the functions of other cells.
immune system The organs and structures that regulate the body’s resistance to disease.
immunocompromised Having an impaired immune response, usually as a result of disease, medication therapy, or surgery.
infection The invasion and proliferation of pathogens in body tissues.
lymphadenopathy Swollen lymph nodes.
measles A virus that causes fever, cough, runny nose, blotchy rash, and tiny white spots inside the mouth.
medical asepsis The practice designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens as well as break the chain of infection; clean technique.
meningitis An infection of the membranes that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord.
micro-organisms Living things that are too small to see without magnification.
mucous membrane The moist inner lining of tubular structures including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines.
oral candidiasis A fungal infection of the mouth. (thrush)
osmosis The diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane.
oxygenation The process of supplying the body with oxygen.
parasympathetic nervous system A division of the nervous system that prepares the body for digestion and rest.
pathogen Disease-causing micro-organism.
protozoon A single-cell parasite that replicates rapidly once inside a living host.
rubella A virus that causes fever and a rash and can cause serious harm to the fetus if a person develops this illness during pregnancy (German measles).
scabies Itchy skin rash resulting from mites burrowing under the skin.
sputum Fluid from the lungs that people cough up.
surgical asepsis Complete removal of micro-organisms and their spores from the surface of an object.
sympathetic nervous system A division of the nervous system that prepares the body to act efficiently in stressful situations (fight or flight).
tuberculosis A bacterial infection of the lungs that causes fever, cough, weight loss, chills, and night sweats.
varicella A viral infection that causes a blister-like rash, itching, fatigue, and fever (chickenpox).
venae cavae Large veins (venous trunks) that return deoxygenated blood from the body to the heart.
virus A micro-organism that causes infections and diseases.
Created by: Iteach4Docs