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Chapter 31 CMA

Vital Signs

Question\TermAnswer
Apnea Absence or cessation of breathing
Arrhythmia Abnormality or irregularity in heart rhythm
Arteriosclerosis Thickening decreased elasticity and calcification of arterial walls
Bounding A pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contraction or as a result of increased blood volume
Bradycardia a slow heartbeat
Bradypnea slow respirations
cerumen ear wax
copd diminished lung capacity irreversible
diurnal rhythm pattern of activity or behavior that follows a day to night cycle
dyspnea difficulty or painful breathing
ESSENTIAL hypertension elevated BP of unknown cause or apparent reason called PRIMARY hypertension
febrile ELEVATED Temperature
Homeostasis Body functions in balance
Hyperpnea increase in depth of breathing
Hypertension HIGH BP
Hyperventilation Prolonged and deep breathing
Hypotension BP that is BELOW normal (S under 90, D under 50)
Intermittent pulse pulse skips beats
orthopnea when someone has to sit or stand to breath comfortably
Orthostatic hypotension Temporary fall in BP when the person rapidly changes from a sitting position to a standing position
otitis external inflammation or infection of the ears
peripheral the area outside of or away from an organ or structure
pulse deficit the RADIAL pulse is less than the APICAL pulse
pulse pressure difference between Systolic and Diastolic BP
pyrexia febrile or fever
rales abnormal crackling breath sound during respiration
rhonchi abnormal rumbling sounds o expiration
secondary hypertension elevated BP resulting from another condition(KIDNEY disease)
sinus arrhythmia irregular heartbeat that originates in the sinoatrial node(PACEMAER)
spirometer instrument that measures the volume of air inhaled and exhaled
stertorous snoring sound
syncope fainting
tachycardia heart rate over 100 beats per minute
thread a pulse that is scarcely visible
wheezing high pitched sound on expiration
pulse rate varies with age of patient
what does pulse volume do? reflects the strength of the heart when it contracts
What do arterial plaques narrow? The lumen in the blood vessels, which increases BP.
Aging increases? The risk of Arteriosclerosis, which increases BP.
Overweight or obese patients are at greater risk of elevated BP
Patient can faint if the BP ? drops suddenly when the position is changed quickly
Systolic top number
Diastolic bottom number
Caffeine A stimulant
caffeine causes a temporary change in Vital signs
Trapped air in the BP cuff between readings can cause? An artificial increase in the BP reading
To convert IBS to KG divide # of IBS by 2.2 or X # of IBS by 0.45
To convert KG to IBS X # of KG by 2.2
Patient with diabetes must have? Their weight monitored so that the effectiveness of treatment can be determined
Stethoscope Bell used only with young pediatric patient
Any item that comes in contact with potentially infectious waste must be? Disposed of in a biohazardous waste container
Cigarette smoking Temporarily increases Vital signs
Diurnal rhythms affect? Vital signs
Newborns tend to have lower normal ranges for body temperature
In healthy patients the younger the patient the faster the heart rate
Athletes can have a healthy pulse rate___60 beats per minute because of the increased strength of the myocardium. Below
The most accurate method of recording the pulse is the 60 second Apical pulse measurement
Internal respiration is the exchange of gases at the cellular level
Respiratory homeostasis is controlled in the brains respiratory center
The MA should try to observe the patients breathing without the patients knowledge, because the breathing rate can be altered voluntarily
Cardiac cycle A complete heartbeat
Viscosity refers to the level of the thickness of the blood
Shivering causes an increase in the body temperature because of the energy being released
The temporal artery temperature and rectal methods provide the most accurate reflection of core infant temperatures
Created by: CyberxDemon