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Chapter 16

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Flapper in the United States and Europe in the 1920s, a rebellious young woman
Prohibition a ban on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States from 1920 to 1933
speakeasies illegal bars
Harlem Renaissance an African American cultural movement in the 1920s and 1930s centered in Harlem
psychoanalysis a method of studying how the mind works and treating mental disorders
abstract style of art composed of lines, colors, and shapes, sometimes with no recognizable subject matter at all
dada artistic movement in which artists rejected tradition and produced works that often shocked their viewers
surrealism artistic movement that attempts to portray the workings of the unconscious mind
Maginot line massive fortifications built by the French along the French border with Germany in the 1930s to protect against further invasions
Kellogg-Briand Pact an international agreement, signed by almost every country in 1928, to stop using war as a method of national policy
disarmament reduction of armed forces and weapons
general strike strike by workers in many different industries at the same time
overproduction condition in which production of goods exceeds the demand for them
finance the management of money matters including the circulation of money, loans, investments, and banking
Federal Reserve central banking system of the United States, which regulate the banking system
Great Depression a painful time of global economic collapse, starting in 1929, lasting until 1939
Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the United States during WWII
New Deal a massive package of economic and social programs established by FDR, during the Great Depression
Benoito Mussolini son of a blacksmith, founder of Fascism, leader of Italy during WWII
Black Shirts any member of the militant combat squads of Italian Fascists set up under Mussolini
March on Rome planned march of thousands of Fascist supporters to take control of Rome
totalitarian state government in which a one-party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens' lives
fascism any centralized, authoritarian government system that is not communist, glorify state over individual, destructive to basic human rights
command economy system by which government officials make all basic economic decisions
collectives large farm owned and operated by peasants as a group
kulaks wealthy peasant in the Soviet Union in the 1930s
Gulag in the Soviet Union, a system of forced labor camps in which millions of criminals and political prisoners were held under Stalin
socialist realism artistic style whose goal was to promote socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light
russification making a nationality's culture more ethnically Russian
atheism belief that there is no god
Comintern Communist International, international association of communist parties led by the Soviet Union for the purpose of encouraging worldwide communist revolution
chancellor the highest official of a monarch, prime minister
Ruhr Valley coal-rich industrial region of Germany
Third Riech official name of the Nazi Party, held power from 1933-1945
Gestapo secret police of the Nazi Party
Nuremberg laws laws approved by the Nazi Party in 1935, depriving Jews of German citizenship and taking some rights away from them.
Created by: twhaley