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Ancient India

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Mount Everest The highest peak in the Himalayas called "Goddess Mother of the World" by Tibetans.
Indo-Ganges Plain The wide flat plain which receives water and silt to its farmlands to irrigate and enrich the fields.
Indus River Valley Lies on the plain of Pakistan and is site to one of the oldest civilizations.
Harappa One of the earliest sites of civilization in South Asia and probably the first people to cultivate, or grow, cotton for cloth.
Deccan Plateau Lies between the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal and south of the Indo-Ganges Plain where the land begins to rise and narrow to a diamond.
Western Ghats The Deccan Plateau is framed to the west by these rugged mountains.
Eastern Ghats The Deccan Plateau is framed to the east by these rolling mountains.
subcontinent The region of Asia which is so large and separated by water from other land areas is called this.
monsoon season The rainy season which lasts from June through September.
subsistence farming Families who grow food for themselves and then sometimes trade food with small groups of people in their villages.
Cyrus II He is said to be the founder of the Persian Empire.
Darius I Followed Cyrus and brought the Persian Empire to India.
Chandragupta Maurya Seized power in India about 320B.C. and started the Mauryan Empire, the first Indian empire whose borders extended to Persia.
Ashoka Grandson to Maurya who took power of the Mauryan Empire in 270 B.C.
brahmin A priest or teacher held in the highest position in society.
sudra These were serfs and given the lowest position in society. They farmed land and served others.
Sanskrit Language spoken by the Aryans.
Vedas "Books of Knowledge" which contain the stories and songs of ancient Aryan tribes.
Zoroastrianism A religion found by the Persian prophet Aoroaster in what is today known as Iran.
Ganges River River in India which Hindus believe represents purity.
reincarnation The process through which a person goes from one life to the next. Hindus believe after a person dies, she/he is reborn into a new life.
caste The lifelong social group into which a Hindu is born.
Hinduism The main religion in India.
Rig Veda Of the four Vedas, this is the oldest which contains a collection of more than 1,000 hymns that priests recited at ceremonies and during rituals.
Brahman Recognized by some Hindus as the source and final destination of everything.
dharma Hindus believe that Vishnu maintains this which is the order of the universes.
Bodh Gaya According to Buddhist tradition,this is a tradition of sitting silently under a tree near the town.
meditation A way of clearing the mind.
enlightenment A state of pure goodness.
Buddhism Religion founded in India in the fourth century B.C.
the Buddha Siddhartha Gautama came to be known as this.
Four Noble Truths Buddhism is based on these about human suffering. The Buddha used these truths to understand his enlightenment.
Eightfold Path A way of living that can help Buddhists find relief from their suffering.
Created by: MacKelley