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world studies ch 10

bju world studies ch 10

TermDefinition
Disease brought to the Pacific islands by the Europeans
New Guinea largest of the oceanic islands
James Chalmers missionary to Papua New Guinea
Thor Heyerdahl proved it was possible to travel from Peru to the Pacific islands
Geographic groups of the Pacific islands Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia
John Preston missionary to Aniwa Island and the Pacific Islands in New Hebrides
Solomon Islands named by Alvaro Mendana after King Solomon of the Bible; discovered by Spain
High islands composed of volcanic mountains and volcanic debris; have a good source of water
Low islands composed of coral remains; tend to be drier; less rainfall; soil lacks nutrients to grow most crops
Spanish explorers explorers such as Mendana offended the islanders; they used force to get food instead of trying to trade
Ptolemy Greek astronomer who proposed there must be a land in the Southern Hemisphere equal to the size of Europe and Asia; his ideas encouraged exploration to find this mysterious land
Spanish exploration ended because Spain could no longer fund major explorations
Dutch East India Company claimed New Holland
Alvaro de Mendana named the Solomon Islands
Fernandez de Quiros navigator who accompanied Mendana
Abel Tasman Discovered Tasmania; explored for the Netherlands
Santa Cruz Island on which many settlers including Mendana died of a fever
Maoris people group who occupied New Zealand when the Europeans arrived; resisted the Dutch attempts to land
Marquesas Islands named after the viceroy of Peru
Captain James Cook discovered the Hawaiian islands and New South Whales; explored for England; gave sauerkraut to his crew to protect them from the disease scurvy; was killed on the Hawaiian islands
Louis Antoine Bougainville claimed Tahiti for France
Noble savage humans are born good and are corrupted by civilization; this contrary to the teaching of the Bible that ma is born with a sin nature
First Fleet sailed to Australia; held more prisoners than freemen
Didgerido unusual musical instrument made from eucalyptus wood hollowed out by termites
Outback in Australia and has an abundance of wildlife
Arthur Phillip first governor of Australia
Gregory Blaxland found a passage through the Great Dividing Range
Australia Day celebrates the arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788
Aborigines name given to native Australians by the Europeans
Canberra capital of the commonwealth of Australia
Marn Gook Australian game with elements of football and soccer
First Fleet, Sydney Cove, and Victoria all related to settlements of Australia
Created by: rengaw