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HC 101 Reproductive

Reproductive System

TermDefinition
Amenorrhea abnormal absence or suppression of menstruation.
Amniocentesis surgical insertion of a hollow needle through the abdominal wall and into the uterus of a pregnant female to obtain amniotic fluid especially to examine the fetal chromosomes for an abnormality and for determination of sex.
Andropause gradual and highly variable decline in production of androgenic hormones and especially testosterone in human male together with its associated effects that is held to occur during and after middle age but is often difficult to discriminate from.
Anorchism the absence of testes.
Apgar Score index used to evaluate the condition of a newborn infant based on a rating of 0,1, or 2 for each of the five characteristics of color, heart rate, response to stimulation of the sole of the foot, muscle tone, and respiration with 10 being a perfect score.
Arche suffix for beginning.
Aspermia condition of having no sperm.
Azoospermia absence of spermatozoa from the seminal fluid
Balanorrhea discharge from the glans penis.
Cervictis inflammation of the uterine cervix.
Chancroid highly infectious nonsyphilitic verneral ulcer.
Chlamydia parasitic bacteria that causes or is associated with various diseases of the eye and genitourinary tract including trachoma, lymphogranuloma venereum, cervicitis, and some forms of nongonococcal urethritis.
Chorionic Villus Sampling biopsy of the chorion frondosum through the abdominal wall or by way of the vagina and uterine cervix at 10 to 12 weeks of gestation to obtain fetal cells for the prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities.
Cide suffix for to kill
Colostrum milk secreted for a few days after childbirth and characterized by high protein and antibody content.
Colpopexy fixation of the vagina by suturing it to the adjacent abdominal wall.
Colporrhaphy surgical repair of the vaginal wall.
Colposcopy a magnifying instrument designed to facilitate bisual inspection of the vagina and cervix.
Crypt/o root word for hidden.
Cryptorchidism failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac.
Cyesis suffix for the state of pregnancy
Dysmenorrhea painful menstruation.
Eclampsia convulsions or coma late in pregnancy in an individual affeted with preeclampsia.
Ectopic Pregnancy gestation elsewhere than in the uterus (as in a fallopian tube or in the peritoneal cavity).
Endocervicitis inflammation of the lining of the uterine cervix.
Endometriosis the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus that often results in severe pain and infertility.
Epididymis system of ductules that emerges posteriorly from testis, holds sperm during maturation, and forms a tangled mass before uniting into a single coiled duct which comprises the highly convoluted body and tail of the system and is continuous with vas deferens
Fibroadenoma adenoma with a large amount of fibrous tissue.
Galactorrhea a spontaneous flow of milk from the nipple.
Gonorrhea a contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membrane caused by the gonococcus.
Gravida suffix for pregnancy
Hydrocele accumulation of fluid around the testes.
Hysteretomy surgical removal of the uterus.
Hysterosalpingography examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes by radiography after injetion of an opaque medium.
Hysteroscopy an endoscope used for the visual examination of the cervix and interior of the uterus.
Leukorrhea white, yellowish, or greenish white viscid discharge from the vagina resulting from inflammation or congestion of the uterine or vaginal mucous membrane.
Mastalgia pain in the breast.
Mastopexy plastic surgery to elevated, firm, and often reshape a sagging breast.
Menarche the beginning of the menstrual function.
Menometrorrhagia a combination of menorrhagia and metrorrhagia.
Neonate an infant less than a month old.
Nulligravida a woman who has never been pregnant.
Obstetrician a physician specializing in obstetrics.
Oligomenorrhea abnormally infrequent or scanty menstrual flow.
Oligospermia condition of having few sperm.
Oophorectomy the surgical removal of an ovary.
Para suffix for to bear or offspring.
Partum suffix for childbirth.
Perimenopause the period around the onset of menopause that is often marked by various physical signs (as hot flashes and menstrual irregularity).
Phimosis narrowing of the foreskin over the glans penis.
Placenta Previa abnormal implantation of the placenta at or near the internal opening of the uterine cervix so that it tends to precede the child at birth usually causing severe maternal hemorrhage.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome variable disorder marked byamenorrhea, hirsutism, obesity, infertility, and ovarian enlargement and is usually initiated by elevated level of luteinizing hormone, androgen, or estrogen which results in abnormal cycle of gonadotropin release (PCOS).
Preeclampsia serious condition developing in late pregnancy that is characterized by a sudden rise in blood pressure, excessive weight gain, generalized edema, proteinuria, severe headache, and visual disturbances and that may result in eclampsia if untreated.
Priapism an abnormal, more or less persistent, and often painful erection of the penis.
Premigravida an individual pregnant for the first time.
Primipara an individual bearing a first offspring.
Pruritis Vulvae pruritus of the vulva.
Pruritus localized or generalized itching due to irritation of sensory nerve endings.
Salpingo-oophorectomy surgical excision of a fallopian tube and an ovary.
Spermatocide destruction of sperm.
Syphilis chronic contagious usually venereal and often congenital disease if left untreated produces chancres, rashes, and systemic lesions in a clinical course with three stages continued over many years.
Trechomoniasis a human sexually transmitted disease occurring especially as vaginitis with a persistent discharge and that may also invade the male urethra and bladder.
Varicocele enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord.
Vasovasectomy surgical anastomosis of a divided vas deferes to reverse a previous vasectomy.
Created by: Bechristman