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HC 101 Urinary Sys

Urinary System

TermDefinition
Ablation to remove or destroy especially by cutting or abrading.
Anuria absence of or defective urine excretion.
Azot/o nitrogenous waste
Azotemia accumulation of nitrogenous waste in the bloostream.
Bacteriuia presence of bacteria in the urine.
BPH Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
Cele suffix for protrusion.
Cyst/o bladder
Cystitis inflammation f the urinary bladder
Cystocele hernia of a bladder and especially the urinary bladder
Cystolith a urinary calculus.
Cystoscopy the use of a cystoscope to examine the bladder.
Dialysis either of two medical procedures to remove waste or toxins from the blood and adjust fluid and electrolyte imbalances by utilizing rates at which substances diffuse through a semipermeable membrane.
Siuresis an increased excretion of urine.
Ectasis suffix for dilated.
End-Stage Renal Disease final stage of kidney failure (as that resulting from diabetes, chronic hypertension, or glomerulonephritis) that is marked by the complete or nearly complete irreversible loss of renal function.
Enuresis an involuntary discharge of urine.
Epispadias a congenital defect in which the urethra opens upon the upper surface of the penis
ESWL Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy
Genic suffix for produced by
Glomerulonephritis acute or chronic nephritis that involves inflammation of the capillaries of the renal glomeruli, has various causes (such as streptococcal infection , lupus, or vasculitis)or may be of unknown cause, marked by blood or protein in urine.
Hemodialysis process of removing blood from an artery (as of a kidney patient), purifying it by dialysis, adding vital substances, and returning it to a vein.
Hydronephrosis cystic distention of kidney caused by accumulation of urine in the renal pelvis as a result of obstruction to outflow and accompanied by atrophy of the kidney structure and cyst formation.
Hydroureter abnormal distension of the ureter with urine.
Hypospadias an abnormality of the penis in which the urethra opens on the underside.
Incontinence inability of the body to control the evacuative functions.
Interstitial Cystitis a chronic idiopathic cystitis characterized by painful inflammation of the subepithelial connective tissue and often accompanied by Hunner's ulcer.
Intravenous Pyelogram a pyelogram in which radiographic visualization is obtained after intravenous administration of a radiopaque medium which collects in and is excreted by the kidneys.
Lith/o stone
Lithiasis suffix for condition of stones.
Meat/o meatus
Nephr/o kidney stone
Nephrogram x-ray record of the kidney
Nephrolith kidney stone
Nephrolithiasis a condition marked by the presence of renal calculi
Nephrology branch of medicine involved in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the kidney.
Nephrons a single excretory unit especially of the vertebrate.
Nephropathy an abnormal state of the kidney.
Nephroptosis abnormal mobility of the kidney.
Nephrostomy the surgical formation of an opening between a renal pelvis and the outside of the body.
Nephrotic Syndrome an abnormal condition that is marked especially by a deficiency of albumin in the blood and excess excretion of protein in the urine.
Noct/o night
Olig/o scanty
Oliguria reduced excretion of urine
Peritoneal Dialysis a procedure performed in the peritoneal cavity in which the peritonieum acts as the semipermeable membrane.
Polycystic Kidney Disease either of two hereditary diseases characterized by gradually enlarging bilateral cysts of the kidney which lead to reduced renal functioning.
Polyuria ecessive secretion of urine.
Protatism a disorder resulting from obstruction of the bladder neck by an enlarged prostate gland.
Pyel/o renal pelvis
Pyelogram x-ray record of the renal pelvis.
Pyeloplasty plastic surgery of the renal pelvis of a kidney.
Pyelotomy surgical incision into the renal pelvis of a kidney.
Pyuria presence of pus in the urine.
Ren/o renal
Stricture narrowing of a passageway in the urinary system.
Tripsy suffix for surgical crushing.
Ur/o urine
Uremia accumulation in the blood of constituents normally eliminated in the urine that produces a severe toxic condition and usually occurs in severe kidney disease.
Ureter/o ureter
Ureterectasis dilation of a ureter.
Ureterolith ureter stone.
Ureterorraphy the surgical operation of suturing a ureter.
Urethr/o urethra
Urethralgia urethral pain.
Urethritis inflammation of the urethra.
Urethropexy surgical fixation to nearby tissue of a displaced urethra that is causing incontinence by placing stress on the opening from the bladder.
Urethrotomy surgical incision into the urithra especially for the relief of stricture.
Urin/o urine
Urology branch of medicine involved in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the urinary system.
Wilms Tumor a malignant tumor of the kidney that primarily affects children and is made up of embryonic elements (also known as a nephroblastoma).
Created by: Bechristman