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WH Wynn U11-12 Rev.

WWI & Between the Wars

What was the ‘spark’ that started World War I? Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
What were the 4 main causes of World War I? Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
What 3 things affected the number of casualties in World War I? Advanced weapons, disease, supply shortages
What event made the Western Front become the focus of the war? The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
The Treaty of Versailles limited the military of what country? Germany
What did the League of Nations do with territory in the former Ottoman Empire after the war? Divided the countries up among the Allies through the mandate system
Who took control of the Communist Party in Russia after Lenin died? Joseph Stalin
The Bolsheviks followed what political philosophy? Communism
How did Lenin influence Russia’s history? He started the communist gov in the 1920s which controlled Russia in the 20th century
How did Stalin’s Five Year Plans affect Russia? Peasants starved, farms collectivized, and the Soviet Union industrialized
Benito Mussolini invaded this African country in an effort to create a new Roman Empire. Ethiopia
What event helped spark the Great Depression of the 1930s? Stock Market crash, 1929
What were the similarities between the totalitarian countries of Italy, Germany, and the Soviet Union? Rule by a dictator, used secret police & police terror, use of propaganda
Because of the Great Depression, what kind of government grew in popularity? Totalitarianism
What 4 nations came under the control of a totalitarian dictator during the 1920s & 30s? Germany, Italy, Soviet Union, Japan
Why was Germany able to conquer so much land in Europe without other Europeans stopping them? Britain & France wanted to avoid another war.
Japan invaded this territory in search of raw materials at the start of the Great Depression. Manchuria (China)
What features do fascism and communism have in common? Strong leaders, one political party, denied rights to individuals, the state is supreme
What were some of the new weapons developed and used during World War I? Machine guns, tanks, aerial bombings, poison gas
How were alliances and World War I related to each other? Alliances between nations got some nations involved in the war because they were legally bound to aid nations within their alliance.
Who was the leader of Germany going into World War II? Adolf Hitler
Who was the leader of Italy going into World War II? Benito Mussolini
Who was the leader of Japan going into World War II? Hideki Tojo
Who was the leader of the Soviet Union going into World War II? Joseph Stalin
A large farm owned & operated by peasants as a group collective
Nonbinding agreement to follow common policies entente
Extremely sharp and rapid rise in prices hyperinflation
term for German submarines U-boats
supporting neither side in a conflict neutrality
spread of ideas to promote a cause or damage the opposing cause propaganda
payment for war damages reparations
deadlock; neither side is able to defeat the other stalemate
when a nation uses all it's resources to fight a war total war
government where a one party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens' lives totalitarian state
Created by: Ms.Wynn