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Chapter 3

Infection Control, Safety and Personal Wellness

QuestionAnswer
How should contaminated needles be disposed of? After sheathing the needle, it should be put in a sharps container still attached to the holder.
What is the most common way of transmission? Contact Transmission
What is the acronym for R.A.C.E? Rescue, Alarm, Confine, Extinguish
Microorganisms that can cause disease are called? Pathogenic
What PPE must you wear when entering an isolation room that has a patient with TB? N-95 Respirator
What is the most cronic blood-borne illness in the U.S.? Hepatitis C Virius (HCV)
An infectious organism that is passed from one person to another is called? A Communicable Disease
List types of patients that may be more likely to be susceptible to disease: Burn Victims; Patients on Chemotherapy; HIV Patients; Elderly or Babies with compromised immune system.
What does P.A.S.S. mean? Pull,Aim,Squeeze,Sweep
What is the proper sequence for removing PPE? 1.)Gloves 2.)Gown 3.)Mask
What is the most effective way of breaking the Chain of Infection? Effective Hand Washing
A disease transmitted through an insect or animal is? Vector Transmission
What is the agency that investigates various diseases? CDC
What is the name given to objects that can harbor infectious material of surfaces, such as keyboards and equipment? Fomites
The pathogen responsible for causing an infection is called? Infectious Agent
A disease transmitted by contaminated food or water is? Vehicle Transmission
What are the initials of the agency that mandates safe working conditions for all employees? OSHA
Exposure of infection by touching your eyes, nose,or mouth is called? Permucosal
What is the proper procedure if you have been stuck with a contaminated needle? Wash area with soap and water for at least 30 seconds.
The practice used to reduce the chance of microbial contamination with the goal of protecting patients from infection is called? Aseptic Technique
What kind of isolation is used on patients who are highly susceptible to infections? Protective or Reverse Isolation
Exposure to microorganisms through skin from injuries as a needlestick is called? Percutaneous
What is the most frequently occuring lab-acquired infection? Hepatitis B (HBV)
If body fluid or blood splashes into the eyes, what should be done immediatley? Flush the eyes with water for 10 minutes
What are the six components in the Chain of Infection that must be present for an infection to occur? 1.) Infectious Agent 2.)Reservoir 3.)Exit Pathway 4.)Means of Transmission 5.)Entry Pathway 6.)Susceptible Host
Created by: 1615270781843291