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Chapter 3

Infection Control Terms

BBP (Blood-Borne Pathogen)Term applied to infectious microorganisms in blood or body fluid.
Chain of infection A number of components or events, that when presented in a series, lead to an infection.
Contact Transmission Transmission of an infectious agent through kissing or touching.
Droplet Transmission Transfer of an infectious agent that is generated through cough, but generally does not travel more then three feet.
Engineering Controls Devices such as sharps disposal containers and needles with safety features that isolate or remove a blood-borne pathogen hazard from the workplace.
Enteric Precautions Transmission-based precautions taken taken when dealing with pathogens in stool.
Fomites Inanimate objects, such as counter tops or keyboards, that can harbor material containing infectious material.
Immune Resistant to a particular disease due to the body's development of antibodies against disease, or recieves a vaccination.
Nosocomial Infection An infection acuired in a healthcare facility.
Pathogen Microbes capable of causing disease.
Permucosal Exposure occurs when infectious microorganisms enter the body through mucous membranes.
Protective Isolation Strict precautionary measures taken for the patients with compromised immune systems.
Reservoir The source of an infectious microorganism.
SDS (Saftey Data Sheets) Used to identify chemicals and provide information on their potential hazards.
Vector Transmission Pathogen introduced by an animal, insect or arthropod.
Vehicle Transmission A pathogen introduced into the body through the ingestion of contaminated food or water.
Created by: 1615270781843291