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Ind Rev.

Industrial Revolution

TermDefinition
Edward Jenner Developed the smallpox vaccination
Capitalism Idea of which meant the government would not interfere in the economy
England Where Industrial Revolution originated
Labor unions Formed by workers due to the awful working conditions of the Industrial Revolution
Factory work Contained harsh working conditions in which men competed with women and children for wages
Scramble for Africa When Europeans turn their attention to Africa to seek out new colonies from which to secure raw materials and natural resources
Protectorates Countries which remained independent but were under the protection of another country
James Watt Creator the steam engine
James Hargreaves Creator of the Spinning jenny
Henry Bessemer Created a process to create steel from iron
Eli Whitney Creator of the Cotton gin
Louis Pasteur Discovered bacteria
Karl Marx Believed in Communism and Socialism -Wrote The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital
Factory towns Created by factory owners so that workers would become indebted to the company by cycling money back to the company through rent
Zulu Wars The way that the Zulu people of Africa resisted European colonization (imperialism)
Adam Smith Supported the idea of Capitalism -Worte the book The Wealth of Nations
Colonies Areas in which Europeans settled and recreated European institutions and power structures
Boxer Rebellion Way in which China resisted European colonization -Viewed Christianity as a threat to their traditional culture
Sphere of Influence Areas carved out of an independent country that allowed another nation to dominate trade in the given area
Cottage industry Goods made at home in which became very uncommon during the Industrial Revolution
Women’s suffrage Movement in which women felt as they deserved equal recognition with men politically as well
Socialism and Communism Idea of which meant the government should take an active role in the economy to redistribute wealth
Middle class Social class in which grew due to the increase of standard of living for individuals
Hindu nationalism Way India resisted European colonization (Hindu identity was challenged by Christian influence)
Enclosure Movement Land that had been left open for peasants in which was rapidly fenced off by wealthy farmers
Wealth of Nations Book written by Adam Smith -Promoted the idea of a free market (Capitalism)
The Communist Manifesto Written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels -Promoted the idea of Communism (YES TO GOVERNMENT!)
Created by: Gracia12