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Chapter 1

Phlebotomy Past and Present

Immunohematology another name for a blood bank
Immunology The study of all aspects of the immune system, including its structure and function, disorders of the immune system, blood banking, immunization, and organ
Microbiology The department that analyzes body fluids and tissues for the presence of microorganisms. (cultures and sensitivity testing)
APC Ambulatory patient classification
HIPPA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act - requires written consent of all electronically exchanged PHI
CPT Current procedural terminology codes
CEU continuing education units
Phlebotomy (from the Greek words phlebo-, meaning "pertaining to a blood vessel", and -tomia, meaning "cutting of") is the process of making an incision in a vein with a needle. The procedure itself is known as a venipuncture.
Phlebotomist is trained to collect blood for the diagnosis and care of patients
CLIA 88 the federal law that defines the responsibilities of medical laboratory personnel - regulates that all labs use the same standards
Proxemics study of an individuals concept and use of space
Ambulatory outpatient
PCP Primary care Phycician
PHI protected health information
Exsanguinate to remove all blood
Polycythemia a disorder involving the over production of red blood cells
Kinesics the study of nonverbal communication
Kinesis slip when the verbal and nonverbal messages do not match
Coagulation clotting of the blood
POCT Point of Care Testing (Medical testing at or near the site of patient care)
CBC complete blood count
Hematology the study of the physiology of the blood.
Secondary care medical care that is provided by a specialist or facility upon referral by a primary care physician
Tertiary care highly specialized medical care usually over an extended period of time that involves advanced and complex procedures and treatments performed by medical specialists in state-of-the-art facilities
ethics moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity.
Electrolyte testing test that measures the levels of many substances and electrolytes in your blood
PBT the initials for the title granted after succesful completion of the American Society for Clinical Pathology Phlebotomy examination are
Hospital An institution that provides impatient services
Gerontology The specialty that treats disorders of old age is called
Tecnical Supervisor Laboratory profesionals specified by CLIA as responsible for the administration of a specific clinical area, such as chemistry.