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CLST 301 - module 1

QuestionAnswer
What are the 5 special prefixes that frequently attach directly to a termination? a- ; dys- ; eu- ; hyper- ; hypo-
Which are the 3 prefixes you MUST assimilate under the right conditions? en- ; syn- ; con-
What is the root? Latin: abdodere, meaning “to hide” abdomin- abdomen
What is the root? Latin: coeliacus, meaning “hollow” celi- ; cel- abdomen
What is the root? Greek: laparos, meaning “slack or loose” lapar- abdomen
What is the root? Latin: umbo, meaning “sheild boss”. Was also used to describe the ends of scroll holders, nicknamed “little umbo” umbilic- navel
What is the root? Greek: omphalos omphal- navel
What is the root? Greek: sarx Sarcasm meaning “(ripping) flesh” sarc- flesh
What is the termination? Greek: graphein, meaning “to write” Hint: there’s 3 answers -gram; -graph; -graphy -gram: the resultant record or image -graph: instrument used to produce this -graphy: the process
How would you describe Linear B syllabary? Similar to Japanese where they use short sounds
How would you describe Linear B logograms? It was a Greek language that used logos and pictures
What time period was named the Mycenaean era? 1400-1100 BC
Which period was in existence during 1100-800 BC with no surviving writing? Dark Ages
What years was the Classical Period in? 5th-4th centuries BC
Who won in the battle between the Persian Navy and the fishing boats of the Greek? The Greeks! Smaller boats = better manoeuvre
In the Peloponnesian War (late 5th century BC), who were the opposing sides? And who won in the end? Athens vs. Sparta Sparta won.
Phillip of Macedonia is the father of which greek hero? Alexander the Great (356-323 BC)
What was Alexander the Great’s mission? To spread the power of the Macedonians and wanted to punish the Persians for invading Greece
What time period did the Hellenistic Kingdoms exist in? 3rd - 5th AD
Who was Plato’s apprentice? Aristotle
Which era did medical and biological studies, particularly anatomical analogy, flourish? Hellenistic Era
During the Roman Empire, there was a linguistic divide. Which side spoke Greek? Which side with Latin? WEST: mostly Latin speaking EAST: mostly Greek speaking
During the Roman Empire, Greek and Latin were both used. Which language was used for which field? Greek: philosophy, sciences, medicine Latin: law, public administration
After the end of the Roman Empire (after 5th century AD) what languages became of Latin? It became the “romance” languages: French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian
After the end of the Roman Empire, what was Latin mainly used for in Western Europe? 1. Academic writing 2. Scientific nomenclature (“the naming of things”) 3. Roman Catholic Church
After the end of the Roman Empire, what was Greek mainly used for in Western Europe? 1. Christian New Testament 2. Scientific terminology, particularly medicine and biology (for scientific terminology, Greek had to first be transliterated into Latin) ex. phac-
What percentage of terminology in medicine and biology is derived from Greek or Latin? 94%
Who was the “Father of Medicine”? Hippocrates
Who was the philosopher that was interested in the relationship between the soul and body and later went on to write Timaeus? Plato
Who was the highly influential philosopher-scientist that tutored Alexander the Great? Aristotle
Who were the 2 Greek physicians that performed the first systematic human dissections in Alexandria (Egypt)? Herophilus and Erasistratus
Who was the Greek physician that wrote hundreds of medical texts that highly influenced the development of western medicine? Galen
Why are most of the figures in medicine, Greek? They saw medicine as a philosophical (science) extention.
Why weren’t many ancient Romans involved in medicine? Only the lowest class (slaves!) practiced medicine
What were the 3 ancient medical theories involving the balance of the body? 1. Pneumatic Theory: pneuma = “animating spirit” Where there is an imbalance in the spirit 2. Corpuscular Theory: corpuscle = “little body” If pores are too constricted, there’s not enough corpuscles flowing and vice versa, pores too relaxed mea
What were the 4 humours of the body? choler, blood, black bile and phlegm
Which Greco-Roman medical sect viewed patients as an individual and valued the study of human anatomy? Dogmatism
Which important figure(s) were proponents of Dogmatism? Hippocrates and Galen
Which Greco-Roman medical sect viewed the study of anatomy as unnecessary, even foolish, giving the example that we can’t study a dead body and assume it works the same as a live one? Empiricism
Which Greco-Roman medical sect promised swift, gentle therapies and was a frequent user of the cospuscular theory? Methodism
Who was Asclepius’s father? Apollo, god of many things, including healing
Which important figure is a firm believer of being healed at an Asclepion? Galen
What does “Asclepiades” mean? “Son of Asclepius”, Greek term meaning “physician”
Are the three bones in the ear (malleus, incus, stapes) Latin or Greek terms? Latin
Created by: winnie33