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Chapter 9

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Robert Koch
Charles Darwin the British naturalist who in 1859 published "On the Origin of Species", which set forth the theory of evolution through natural selection
corporation business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment
standard of living a measure of the quality and availability of necessities and comfort in a society
Michael Faraday an English chemist who created the first electric motor in the 1800s
Alfred Nobel a Swedish chemist who invented dynamite in 1866
Louis Pasteur a French chemist who showed the link between microbes and disease and developed vaccines against rabies and anthrax
Sojourner Truth
Joseph Lister the English surgeon who discovered how antiseptics prevent infection
racism
social gospel a movement that urged Christians to social service
germ theory the idea that certain microbes cause specific infectious diseases
Guglielmo Marconi
mutual-aid society a self-help group formed to aid sick and injured workers
Dynamo a machine that is used to generate electricity
assembly line production method of breaking down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks
stock shares in a company
urban renewal the process of fixing up the poor areas of the city
temperance movement
interchangeable parts identical components that could be used in place of one another in manufacturing
cult of domesticity a message put forth by books, magazines, and popular songs that idealized women and the home
John Dalton an English Quaker school teacher who developed modern atomic theory in the early 1800s, showing that each element has its own kind of atom.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton a reformer who helped organize a movement for women's rights
Created by: twhaley