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Ch18-Endocrine Syst.

The Language of Medicine 11th Edition

QuestionAnswer
Inner section of each adrenal gland: adrenal medulla
Estrogens, androgens, and glucocorticoids are examples of: steroids
Hormone that stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone secretion in males: luteinizing hormone
Outer section of each adrenal gland: adrenal cortex
Four small glands on the posterior of the thyroid gland: parathyroid glands
Gland located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica: pituitary gland
Gland located in the neck on either side of the trachea: thyroid gland
Secreted by beta islet cells of the pancreas: insulin
Mineral salt found in the blood and tissues and necessary for proper functioning of cells: electrolyte
Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that increases heart rate and blood pressure: adrenaline
The combining form that means gland: den/o
The combining form that means secrete: crin/o
The combining form that means sex glands: gonad/o
The combining form that means male: andr/o
The combining form that means potassium: kal/i
The combining form that means sodium: natr/o
The prefix that means deficient, below, under, less than normal: hypo-
The prefix that means excessive, above: hyper-
The combining form that means female: estr/o
A combining form that means sugar: gluc/o
Advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood: myxedema
A condition of constant muscle contraction: tetany
Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: Addison disease
Lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch, and fat metabolism in cells: diabetes mellitus
The most common form of hyperthyroidism: Graves disease
Group of signs and symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex: Cushing syndrome
Benign tumor of the adrenal medulla: pheochromocytoma
Hypersecretion of GH leading to enlargement of extremities: acromegaly
Deficiency of all pituitary hormones: panhypopituitarism
Excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone: SIADH
Created by: misscollin