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Religions

Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism

TermDefinition
Judaism oldest monotheistic religion origin southwest Asia began in land known as Judah , founder is Abraham
Christianity monotheistic religion, origin southwest Asia began with teachings of Christ, founder Jesus
Islam youngest monotheistic religion, 622 A.D. origin southwest Asia began in present day Saudi Arabia, founder Mohammad
Abraham founder of Judaism; made covenant with God
Jesus founder of Christianity
Mohammad founder of Islam, recited words of angel
Torah sacred book of Judaism first five books of Moses
Holy Bible sacred book of Christianity old and new testament
Koran Qu'ran sacred book of Islam
Monotheism Monotheistic belief in one god
Polytheism Polytheistic belief in more than one god
Ten commandments belief of Christianity and Judaism ways or values one should follow or behave
Five Pillars of Faith belief of Islam ways or values one should follow or behave (Faith, Prayer, Fasting, Pilgrimage, Giving)
Mosque place of worship for Muslims
Temple Synagogue Western Wall or Wailing Wall place of worship for Jews
Church Cathedrals place of worship for Christians
Christians people that practice Christianity
Jews or Hebrew people that practice Judaism
Muslims people that practice Islam
no pork no shellfish, no slimy fish, keep milk and meat separate dietary restrictions of Judaism
no pork no alcohol dietary restrictions of Islam
kosher dietary process or procedure food must be prepared under Judaism law; inspected, soaked, salted; circle with U inside
pray five times a day daily prayer time of Islam face the direction of Mecca
Ramadan holy month of Islam fasting from sunrise to sundown
Yom Kippur, Passover, Hanukkah major religious days of celebration of Judaism
Christmas, Easter religious days of celebration of Christianity
Hebrew language of Judaism
Abrabic language of Islam
North Africa, Southwest Asia major concentrations of Islam
North America, South America, Europe, Sub Sahara Africa major concentrations of Christianity
Israel major concentrations of Judaism
Jerusalem Holy City for all three religions; Judaism (Western Wall), Christianity (Holy Church of the Sepulchre ), Islam (Dome of the Rock)
Mecca and Medina Holy cities of Islam located in Saudi Arabia
Cross symbol of Christianity
Star of David symbol of Judaism
Crescent Moon and Star symbol of Islam
Hajj one of the Five Pillars of Faith pilgrimage (religious journey) to the holy city of Mecca
pilgrimage religious journey
tenets another word for beliefs
India origin of Hinduism and Buddhism largest concentration of Hinduism
East and Southeast Asia major concentration of Buddhism
Moksha Hinduism end of samsara reincarnation
Samsara cycle of birth, life, death, rebirth of Hinduism
Caste system social structure of Hinduism, created by Aryans
Dharma one's responsibility or duty in Hinduism
Varna social classes of the Caste system
karma one's accumulation of good and bad deeds in life may help or hinder in the reincarnation of Hinduism
Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva major three deities of Hinduism Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, Shiva the destroyer,
Brahman one with the universe, to reach Moksha to release the soul from reincarnation
Four Aims beliefs of Hinduism karma, dharma, etc.
Eightfold Path beliefs of Buddhism way to reach Nirvana end suffering and reincarnation; the right actions, speech, and thoughts
Four Noble Truths Buddhist beliefs: life is full of suffering because of wants and desires
Siddhartha Gautama creator of Buddhism Prince in Northern India
Buddhist followers of Buddhism
Hindus followers of Hinduism
reincarnation recycle of the soul birth, life, death, rebirth
meditation both Hindus and Buddhist practice forms of mediation yoga to clear the mind and rejuvenate the body
Sanskrit language of Hinduism
Veda and Upanishad text of Hinduism Veda collection of writings, poems, songs, incarnations Upanishads writings, stories
Hinduism origin India oldest religion based on karma, dharma, and reaching Moksha
Buddhism origin India Siddhartha Gautama founder; the Enlighten One reach Nirvana
Nirvana freedom from reincarnation following Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path to end suffering
Created by: jsmith81