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Unit 5 Agriculture
|What is agriculture?
|Growing a crop or raising animals for human use
|When people deliberately started raising crops and animals for food and other purposes
|Preparing, planting, caring for, and harvesting a plant crop
|Modifying a plant or animal species to make through selective breeding so that species is dependent on humans
|Farmers growing crops for their family
|Crops that are grown for sale off the farm
|Second Agricultural Revolution?
|When people started using machines for farming
|When did the Second Agricultural Revolution occur?
|Second half of the 19th century
|How does Climate influence Agriculture Variation?
|Presents a range of choices for crops that are suited for different climates
|How does Wealth influence Ag. Variation?
|Expands choices of machinery, irrigation, and the style of farming
|How does Culture influence Ag. Variation?
|Food taboos and choices made based on custom, religion, etc.
|Subsistence Ag. that is based on the herding of domesticated animals
|5 Major Types of Ag. in Developing Regions?
|Pastoral Nomadism, Shifting Cultivation, Intensive Subsistence (Rice), Intensive Subsistence (Other Crops), Plantation Farming,
|People shifting activity from one field to another using Slash and Burn and Fallow Field methods.
|Slash and Burn Method?
|Clearing a field and burning the brush
|Fields that are farmed for a short time, then left to be not grown on for many years
|Intensive Subsistence (Other Crops)
|Used when the climate is too cold or dry for rice, so farmers grow something else.
|Intensive Subsistence (Definition)
|When farmers use a lot of effort to make sure they can grow as much of a crop as possible on a parcel of land
|4 Steps in Rice Growing?
|Field Prep (plowed using water buffalo or oxen), Flooding Fields. Transplanting, and Harvesting