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Unit 5: Agriculture
|Growing a crop or raising animals for human use
|When people started deliberately raising plants or animals for our use
|Caring for and harvesting a plant crop
|Changing a plant or animal through selective breeding so that it becomes dependent upon humans
|Where is the hearth for potatoes?
|What are the major hearths for plant crops
|Latin America, Southwest Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia, Southeast Asia
|Where is the hearth for wheat
|Where is the hearth for rice
|Where is the hearth for coconuts?
|Where is the hearth for cofee
|The production of food in order to provide for the farmer and his family
|The production of food primarily for sale off of the farm
|Type of Agriculture using more machines and larger farms
|Type of Agriculture using less machines and smaller farms
|The big change in the second agricultural revolution
|The use of more machines in agriculture
|When was the second agricultural revolution
|Early 1800s and into the 20th century
|Result of being a developed country
|More machine availability, more commercial farming
|Result of being a developing country
|Less machine availability, more subsistence farming
|Three factors affecting agricultural diffusion
|Culture, wealth, and climate
|How does culture affect agricultural diffusion?
|Certain food taboos, culture, religion, and tradition may affect the agriculture used
|How does wealth affect agricultural diffusion?
|With more wealth comes a larger choice of machinery, crops, and land
|How does climate affect agricultural diffusion?
|Certain climates could make it easier or more difficult to raise a crop or animal in that area, therefore influencing the choice of agriculture
|5 Major Types of Agriculture in Developing Regions
|Pastoral Nomadism, shifting cultivation, intensive subsistence (rice), intensive subsistence (other crops), plantation
|A form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals
|A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another (slash n burn and fallow fields)
|A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land. (using as much land as possible to farm)
|Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
|A large commercial farm that specializes in one or two crops
|6 Types of Agriculture in Developed Regions
|Mixed Crop and Livestock, dairy farming, commercial gardening and fruit farming, grain farming, Mediterranean agriculture, and livestock ranching
|Most common form of farming in Eastern US and most of Europe, integration of crop and livestock raising. Most crops are used to feed animals rather than humans, most land is used for crops. Crop rotation is practiced.
|Mixed Crop and Livestock
|Predominant along the Eastern Coast, this type of agriculture is sometimes called truck farming. Fruits and vegetables are grown.
|Commercial gardening and fruit farming
|Predominant in the Northeast and the Great Lakes region, along with northern Europe, this type of agriculture is often concentrated near big cities. They take advantage of cows, however not usually for their meat.
|As opposed to Mixed Crop and Livestock farming, this type of agriculture takes advantage of grain and grows it for human consumption. They sell output to manufacturers of food products, and the most important crops are: wheat, barley, corn, and millet.
|Growing of crops such as grapes and olives in a certain climate region, some places share this climate and landscape type.