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Unit 5 Agriculture

What is agriculture ? Raising crops/animals for human use.
What is the nature and significance of the agricultural revolution? When people started deliberately raising crops and animals
Cultivation Preparing, planting, caring for, and harvesting a plant crop
Domestication Modifying an animal or plant with selective breeding so it becomes dependent on humans
What is the hearth for potatoes, maize? Latin America
What is the hearth for rice and soybeans? East Asia
What are the major hearths of the world? Latin America, Southwest Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia , Sub-Saharan Africa
What is the hearth for wheat rye and barley? Southwest Asia
What is the hearth for coffee, sorghum, and cow peas? Sub-Saharan Africa
What is subsistence farming? Where farmers raise crops or animals for themselves and their family to use. Usually practiced in developing countries
What is commercial farming? Where a farmer raises crops and animals for the purpose of selling most of them for profit
What big change was introduced by the Second Agricultural Revolution? The use of machinery
The five major types of agricultural practiced in developing countries are? Pastoral Nomadism, Shifting Cultivation, Intensive Subsistence of rice, Intensive Subsistence of other crops, and Plantation
A form of subsistence farming based on the herding of domesticated animals. Most commonly practiced in dry areas where crops can't be grown. Pastoral Nomadism
Transhumance A form of mountain nomadism in which animals are moved from lowland pastures to highland pastures in the Summer
A form of Agriculture in which people move farming activity from one field to another. Slash and Burn agriculture and Fallow fields are two features of this method. Shifting cultivation
Slash and Burn agriculture Agriculture in which fields are prepared for farming by burning brush
Created by: Tucker Reyes
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