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Unit 5: Agriculture
|Growing a crop or raising animals for human use
|When people started deliberately raising plants or animals
|Preparing, planting, caring for, and harvesting a plant crop.
|Modifying a plant or animal species through selective breeding so that it becomes dependent on humans
|Where is the hearth for potatoes?
|What are the major hearths for plant crops?
|Latin America, Southwest Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia Southeast Asia,
|Where is the hearth for wheat?
|Where is the hearth for rice?
|Where is the hearth for coconuts?
|Where is the hearth for coffee?
|Type of farming in which the farmer uses most of what he/she grows
|Farming in which most of what is raised is sold for profit
|Which type of agriculture is likely to have smaller farms?
|Which type of agriculture is likely to have fewer farmers?
|developed world/commercial agriculture
|Which type of agriculture is likely to have more access to modern research and technology?
|developed world/commercial agriculture
|Which type of agriculture is likely to use fewer machines such as tractors, combines, etc.?
|developing world/subsistence agriculture
|The second agricultural revolution coincided with this period of history.
|The defining characteristic of the second agricultural revolution
|use of machinery
|Time period in which the second agricultural revolution occurred
|19th-early 20th century
|What are the three major influences on agricultural practices around the world?
|climate, wealth, and culture
|Which climate types are most commonly found in the tropic regions of the world?
|humid equatorial climates
|Which climate types are most commonly found above 50 degrees latitude?
|humid cold climates
|Which agricultural practice is most closely associated with dry climates?
|The five major types of agriculture found in developing regions
|pastoral nomadism, plantation farming, intensive subsistence-wet rice, intensive subsistence-other crops, shifting cultivation
|The six major types of agriculture found in developed regions
|ranching, mixed crop and livestock, dairying, grain farming, market gardening, Mediterranean
|Type of agriculture in which herders move their flocks from pasture to pasture throughout the year
|A person that does not stay permanently in one place
|form of nomadism in which herders move animals from lowland to highland pastures and back during the course of a year
|Two examples of pastoral nomadic cultures
|Masai and Bedouins
|Form of agriculture in which farmers shift activity from one field to another
|Type of large-scale commercial farming commonly found in developing regions
|A field created by cutting and burning a patch of forest
|Term to describe a field that is not cultivated for several years in order for nutrients to be restored to the soil
|This condition can make shifting cultivation unsustainable
|Shifting cultivation sometimes leads to this environmental condition
|The main crop grown throughout Asia on intensive subsistence farms
|Type of farming found in areas that are too dry or cold for wet rice farming
|intensive subsistence, other crops
|Type of farming in which crops are grown to feed livestock. The farm makes money from the sale of livestock.
|mixed crop and livestock farming
|Region of the US where mixed crop and livestock farming is common
|Geographer who studied the spatial organization of farming and crop choices in Germany
|This type of farming is found in the first ring of von Thunen's model
|vegetable, fruits, and dairy
|The growing of vegetables and fruit for sale
|Another name for market gardening
|The two primary crops associated with Mediterranean agriculture
|olives and grapes
|This geographer theorized that farmers find ways to increase food supplies when population pressures force them to intensify production
|The second agricultural revolution is associated with the use of what technology?
|The Green Revolution is associated with the use of new hybridized seed types and these
|fertilizers and pesticides
|Assistance to farmers from governments
|This survey system creates a pattern of squares on the landscape
|township and range
|This survey system creates a pattern of rectangles on the landscape
|long lot system
|This survey system creates an irregular pattern of shapes on the landscape
|metes and bounds
|US state in which one can find long lots
|An area where cattle are kept in relatively small spaces and fed corn until they are ready for slaughter
|This modern innovation has increased yields but is controversial because of ethical and environmental concerns
|This country produces the most cocaine
|This country is the source of much of the world's heroin
|This type of agriculture takes place in the outer ring of von Thunen's model
|What are the two costs taken into account by von Thunen's model?
|transportation and land rents