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Unit 5: Agriculture

Growing a crop or raising animals for human use agriculture
When people started deliberately raising plants or animals agricultural revolution
Preparing, planting, caring for, and harvesting a plant crop. cultivation
Modifying a plant or animal species through selective breeding so that it becomes dependent on humans domestication
Where is the hearth for potatoes? Latin America
What are the major hearths for plant crops? Latin America, Southwest Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia Southeast Asia,
Where is the hearth for wheat? Southwest Asia
Where is the hearth for rice? East Asia
Where is the hearth for coconuts? Southeast Asia
Where is the hearth for coffee? Sub-Saharan Africa
Type of farming in which the farmer uses most of what he/she grows subsistence agriculture
Farming in which most of what is raised is sold for profit commercial agriculture
Which type of agriculture is likely to have smaller farms? developing/subsistence agriculture
Which type of agriculture is likely to have fewer farmers? developed world/commercial agriculture
Which type of agriculture is likely to have more access to modern research and technology? developed world/commercial agriculture
Which type of agriculture is likely to use fewer machines such as tractors, combines, etc.? developing world/subsistence agriculture
The second agricultural revolution coincided with this period of history. industrial revolution
The defining characteristic of the second agricultural revolution use of machinery
Time period in which the second agricultural revolution occurred 19th-early 20th century
What are the three major influences on agricultural practices around the world? climate, wealth, and culture
Which climate types are most commonly found in the tropic regions of the world? humid equatorial climates
Which climate types are most commonly found above 50 degrees latitude? humid cold climates
Which agricultural practice is most closely associated with dry climates? herding
The five major types of agriculture found in developing regions pastoral nomadism, plantation farming, intensive subsistence-wet rice, intensive subsistence-other crops, shifting cultivation
The six major types of agriculture found in developed regions ranching, mixed crop and livestock, dairying, grain farming, market gardening, Mediterranean
Type of agriculture in which herders move their flocks from pasture to pasture throughout the year pastoral nomadism
A person that does not stay permanently in one place nomad
form of nomadism in which herders move animals from lowland to highland pastures and back during the course of a year transhumance
Two examples of pastoral nomadic cultures Masai and Bedouins
Form of agriculture in which farmers shift activity from one field to another shifting cultivation
Type of large-scale commercial farming commonly found in developing regions plantation agriculture
A field created by cutting and burning a patch of forest swidden
Term to describe a field that is not cultivated for several years in order for nutrients to be restored to the soil fallow
This condition can make shifting cultivation unsustainable overpopulation
Shifting cultivation sometimes leads to this environmental condition deforestation
The main crop grown throughout Asia on intensive subsistence farms wet rice
Type of farming found in areas that are too dry or cold for wet rice farming intensive subsistence, other crops
Type of farming in which crops are grown to feed livestock. The farm makes money from the sale of livestock. mixed crop and livestock farming
Region of the US where mixed crop and livestock farming is common Eastern US
Geographer who studied the spatial organization of farming and crop choices in Germany von Thunen
This type of farming is found in the first ring of von Thunen's model vegetable, fruits, and dairy
The growing of vegetables and fruit for sale market gardening
Another name for market gardening truck farming
The two primary crops associated with Mediterranean agriculture olives and grapes
This geographer theorized that farmers find ways to increase food supplies when population pressures force them to intensify production Ester Boserup
The second agricultural revolution is associated with the use of what technology? machinery
The Green Revolution is associated with the use of new hybridized seed types and these fertilizers and pesticides
Assistance to farmers from governments subsidies
This survey system creates a pattern of squares on the landscape township and range
This survey system creates a pattern of rectangles on the landscape long lot system
This survey system creates an irregular pattern of shapes on the landscape metes and bounds
US state in which one can find long lots Louisiana
An area where cattle are kept in relatively small spaces and fed corn until they are ready for slaughter feed lot
This modern innovation has increased yields but is controversial because of ethical and environmental concerns GMOs
This country produces the most cocaine Colombia
This country is the source of much of the world's heroin Afghanistan
This type of agriculture takes place in the outer ring of von Thunen's model livestock ranching
What are the two costs taken into account by von Thunen's model? transportation and land rents
Created by: rowej78
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