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Unit 8

German and Italian Unification & Latin American Revolution

Why were Europeans upset with the Congress of Vienna? The way in which national boundaries were redrawn to establish a "balance of power."
What was the purpose of the revolution of 1848? To fulfill a liberal and nationalist dream.
What country avoided revolution in 1848 and why? England/Britain/United Kingdom because they were unaffected by the Congress of Vienna and unconquered by Napoleon.
How did Giuseppe Garibaldi help Italian unification? He allied with Cavour to unify Southern Italy with Northen Italy. Expelled the Spanish Bourbons through thr military conquest by the "Red Shirts"
How did Count Camillo de Cavour help Italian unification? United Northern Italy through political manipulation & alliances of convenience.
What war brought the Papal States into "Italy"? The Franco-Prussian War
Why were the Papal States the last to unify with Italy? It was in the center of the Italian peninsula and revolutions were being fought around it.
What was the "Risorgimento"? Italian unification, because Italian Nationalists aspired for the "resurgence" the Roman Empire with the formation of an Italian nation.
Who was Otto von Bismarck? "The Iron Chancellor," was a powerful figure, not only within the German Empire, but within Europe.
What is "realpolitik"? A belief that politics should be based on practicality, efficiency, and efficacy.
What was the nickname of Simon Bolivar? The Liberator
What countries did Simon Bolivar liberate? Northern South America
Who is the father of Mexican Independence? Father Miguel Hidalgo
Who were the peninsulares? Those from Spain, who came to the colonies to serve the crown in colonial government posts.
Who were the creoles and why did they Rebel? Children of peninsulares, they were born in the Americas, rather than in Europe. They were not allowed to hold government posts.
Who is the father of Haitian Independence? Toussaint L'Ouverture
What was unique about the Haitian revolution? Slavery was abolished and independence was achieved.
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine? To keep the European powers out of the Western hemisphere.
Created by: lesleye315