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S Disorder + Disease

Esthetics chapter 9 skin disorders and diseases

Dermatology study of the skin, its structure, its function, its diseases, and its treatment
Dermatologist physician who treats skin disorders and diseases
Estheticians must not diagnose and must refer clients to a physician if medically necessary
Lesions structural changes in the tissues due to damage or injury
Describes lesions any mark, symptom or abnormality
Types of lesions primary, secondary, and tertiary
Primary lesions flat, nonpalpable changes or elevations formed by fluid in a cavity
Bulla large blister with watery fluid, bigger than a vesicle
Cyst closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection, and other matter, above or below the skin
Macule flat spot or discoloration, ie freckle
Papule small elevation with no fluid
Pustule inflamed papule containing pus
Tubercle abnormal rounded, solid lump, larger than a papule
Tumor swelling with varied size, shape and color due to excessive cell multiplication
Vesicles small blister or sac with clear fluid
Wheal itchy, swollen lesion, ie hives
Hives wheals or urticaria
Secondary lesions develop later in disease
Crust scab on a sore
Excoriation skin abrasion due to scratching or scraping
Fissure crack in skin penetrating the dermis, ie chapped lips
Keloid thick scar from overgrowth of fibrous tissue
Scale flaky skin cells
Scar light, raised mark forms after injury or lesion heals
Ulcer open lesion with pus and loss of skin depth
Acne chronic inflammatory sebaceous gland disorder with comedones and blemishes
Asteatosis dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency
Comedone mass of hardened sebum and skin cells in a hair follicle
Open comedone blackhead
Closed comedone whitehead; no follicular opening
Furuncle pus in an abscess, boil
Milia whitehead, common in dry skin types; resembles small grains of sand under the skin
Rosacea chronic congestion in cheeks and nose with redness, dilation of blood vessels, and sometimes papules and pustules
Sebaceous hyperplasias benign lesions in oily areas of the face, appear like blackheads, but can't be extracted
Seborrhea severe oiliness of the skin
Steatoma aka sebaceous cyst or wen
Steatoma filled with sebum; pea to orange sized; on the scalp, neck and back
Anhidrosis deficiency in perspiration
Bromhidrosis foul-smelling perspiration
Hyperhidrosis excessive perspiration
Miliaria rubra prickly heat
Atopic dermatitis related to overactive immune systems; prevalent with nasal allergies and asthma
Contact dermatitis allergic reaction from contact with substance or chemical
Dermatitis inflammatory skin condition
Eczema inflammatory, painful itching skin disease; acute or chronic, with dry or moist lesions
Edema swelling
Erythema redness due to inflammation
Herpes Simplex vesicle(s) on a red, swollen base, usually on lips or nostrils, contagious
Perioral dermatitis small cluster of papules around the mouth, not contagious
Psoriasis red patches with white-silver scales due to skin cells replicating too fast
Chloasma liver spots
Hyperpigmentation overproduction of pigment
Lentigenes freckles; small, yellow-brown spots
Melasma pregnancy mask
Nevus birthmark or mole
Stain brown or wine-colored discoloration
Tan exposure to sun
Albinism absence of melanin pigment; congenital leukoderma
Hypopigmentation lack of pigment
Leukoderma light abnormal patches due to congenital disease; ie vitiligo and albinism
Vitiligo white spots or areas, worsened by sunlight
Hypertrophy abnormal growth
Keratoma abnormally thick build up of cells
Hyperkeratosis thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells
Actinic keratoses pink precancerous lesions from sun damage, feel sharp or rough
Keratosis pilaris redness and bumpiness in cheeks or upper arms from blocked follicles; "chicken skin"
Mole brownish spot; flat or raised; don't remove hairs; watch ABCD
Skin tag small outgrowths or extensions
Verruca wart; contagious
Basal cell carcinoma most common, least severe carcinoma; light, pearly nodules
Squamous cell carcinoma more serious than basal; scaly red papules or nodules
Malignant melanoma most serious skin cancer; dark, uneven patches
Bacterial conjunctivitis pink eye
Herpes simplex virus cold sores or fever blisters and genital herpes; contagious
Impetigo clusters of small blisters or crusty lesions filled with bacteria; very contagious
Tinea fungal infection
Tinea corporis very contagious ringworm
Tinea versicolor aka pityriasis versicolor
Pityriasis versicolor yeast infection stopping melanin production
Acne causes clogged pores, bacteria, cosmetics and products, triggers
Acne triggers hormones, stress, foods
Acne grades four; one is lowest
Grade I acne minor breakouts; some blackheads, whiteheads, papules and pustules
Grade II acne many blackheads; more whiteheads, papules, and pustules
Grade III acne red and inflamed; many papules and pustules
Grade IV acne cystic with comedones, papules, pustules and inflammation
Retention hyper-keratosis hereditary; dead skin cells don't shed from follicles
Sebaceous filaments blackheads without cell matter
Dyschromia abnormal pigmentation of the skin
Freckles macules or lentigenes
Created by: selfstudy08