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unit 8

industrial revolution

QuestionAnswer
Edward Jenner Developed the smallpox vaccination
Capitalism A free market where individuals and companies own the means of production and operate for profit
England Place where the Industrial Revolution originated from due to its vast natural resources (e.g. coal and iron ore) and because of the invention and improvement of the steam engine
Labor unions Group of workers who sought to improve working conditions, increase wages, and improve the lives of workers
Factory work Labor done in factories
Scramble for Africa The independence of the Americas led to this
Protectorates Countries which remained "independent" but were under the "protection" of another country
James Watt Invented the steam engine which revolutionized travel in Western Europe
James Hargreaves Invented the Spinning Jenny which mechanized the creation of thread and led to the creation of TEXTILE FACTORIES
Henry Bessemer Invented the process for making steel from iron cheaply and efficiently
Eli Whitney Invented the cotton gin which separated cotton fibers from their seeds and reduced the labor of removing seeds however increased the demand for land and slave labor
Louis Pasteur Discovered bacteria and developed pasteurization
Karl Marx Father of communism, believed government should control the economy
Factory towns Built by factory owners esp. steel industry and coalmine owners
Zulu Wars Series of wars in Southern Africa against European colonization
Adam Smith Father of Capitalism, promoted the idea of a free market and believed government should not interfere in the economy
Colonies Areas where Europeans settled and recreated European institutions and power structures, not independent
Boxer Rebellion Chinese anti-sentiment rebellion against westernization
Sphere of influence Areas carved out of an independent country that allowed another nation to dominate trade in the given area
Cottage industry Work done in homes through manual labor before the Industrial Revolution
Women's suffrage Women's movement for voting rights
Socialism and Communism Money distributed to workers equally by the government
Middle class Result from better nutrition and medical care, stable income, and improved transportation networks
Hindu Nationalism Sense of Indian nationalism due to European domination
Enclosure Movement Wealthy farmers fenced off land for peasants
Wealth of Nations Written by Adam Smith
The Communist Manifesto Written by Karl Marx
Created by: mytutorfriend