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Ancient China

TermDefinition
dynasty a series of rulers all from the same family
Mandate of Heaven an order from the gods to rule over China
jade a hard gemstone
oracle a prediction
lords people of high rank
peasants farmers with small farms
Confucius the most influential teacher in Chinese history
ethics moral values
Confucianism the ideas of Confucius
legalism the belief that people are bad by nature and need to be controlled
Shi Huangdi "first emperor" who practiced legalism and united China
Great Wall a barrier that linked earlier walls across China's northern frontier. Designed to keep out invaders
Standardization making all things of a certain type alike
sundial used the position of shadows cast by the sun to tell the time of day
seismograph a device that measures the strength of an earthquake
acupuncture the practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain
silk a soft, light, highly-valued fabric
Silk Road a 4,000 mile long network of routes that stretched westward from China to the Mediterranean Sea
diffusion the spread of ideas from one culture to another
loess Yellow soil brought by floods
forms a natural barrier to the east of China Pacific Ocean
plateau a mostly flat chunk of land at a high elevation
Gobi Desert a vast area stretching from Mongolia to China
Himalayan Mountains contain some of the tallest mountains in the world
Feudal System Involves trading loyalty for protection
Warring States Period The time after the fall of the Zhou Dynasty
Daoism philosophy started by Laozi that focused on the importance of nature and that the yin and yang are intertwined with each other.
Liu Bang peasant who became emperor of China and began the Han Dynasty.
Created by: sfor585