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Unit 7

Enlightenment and Revolutions

Absolute ruler A ruler who has a largely unchecked power; all power was centralized in the monarchy/ an all powerful monarch
Divine right suggest that God placed them on the throne
King Louis XIV France proclaimed himself “The Sun king” “I am state” had the palace of Versailles built
Ivan the Terrible Russia centralized power through brute force reinforced the Orthodox Christian Church as the official church of Russia Russian society into 3 major sections nobility,peasants, and serfs
Peter the Great Russia corrupted by power that he had his own son arrested and tortured to death capital st.petersburg named after him
Charles I England made rights for the Magna Carta
King George III England enforced taxation without representation continuously pushed high tariffs on the colonist to fund his kingdoms and wars
The English Civil War
The Roundheads
The Cavaliers
The Restoration of the monarchy
The Glorious Revolution
The English Bill of Rights
Thomas Hobbes For absolute rule A ruler who can protect a man from himself and other
The Leviathan A book written by Thomas Hobbes
John Locke Against absolute rule Believed that both the subjects and the ruler should be contracted/protects mans natural rights
The Two Treaties on Government A book written by John Locke
Baron de Montesquieu Against absolute rule Believed that government powershole be divided checks and balances
In the Spirit of Laws A book written by Baron de Montesquieu
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Against absolute rule Believed people should govern themselves/people represent themselves
The Social Contract A book written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Voltaire Against absolute rule Believed in separation of church and state/religious freedom
The American Revolution
The French Revolution
The Storming of the Bastille
Louis XVI
The Regin of Terror
Maximillian Robespierre
Napoleonic code
Created by: helen3