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Unit 8 review

German and Italian Unification & Latin American Revolution

Why were Europeans upset with the congress of Vienna? Because they redrawn national boundaries to establish a balance of power
What was the purpose of the revolutions of 1848? To gain independence
What country avoided revolution in 1848 and why? Emgland/Britain/The united kingdom because they were not affected by the congress of Vienna
How did Giuseppe Garibaldi help Italian unification? -He allied with Cavour to unify Southern Italy with Northern Italy -Expelled the Spanish Bourbons from the Southern Italian Peninsula through military conquest by the red shirts
How did Count Camilo de Cavour help Italian unification? He united Nothern Italy through political manipulation & alliances of convenience
What war brought the Papal states into "Italy"? The war against Prussia (Franco-Prussian war)
Why were the Papal states the last to unify with "Italy"? Because they were ruled by the Pope independently, and depended on the presence of foreign troops for protection
What was the "Risorgimento"? The Italian unification. Risorgimento means the "resurgence"
Who was Otto von Bismarck? He was the chancellor of Germany, he led the final push for unification of the German-speaking people
What is "realpolitik"? A philosophy that suggests that politics should be based on practicality, efficiency, and efficacy rather than a sense of morality or idealism
What was the nickname of Simon Bolivar? "The Libertador"
What countries did Simon Bolivar Liberate? Northern South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia , Peru and Ecuador
Who is the Father of Mexican independence? Father Miguel Hidalgo
Who were the peninsulares? Spaniards born in Spain
Who were the creoles and why did they rebel? People born in New Spain of Spanish parents, because they were not allowed to hold government posts
Who is the Father of Haitian Independence? Toussaint L' Overture
What was unique about the Haitian Revolution? Slavery was abolished
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine? The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States would regard as a threat to its own peace and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere
Created by: Lauraarboleda