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WW1/2 VocabAmhs

This covers just the main vocab of WW1,Interwar,and WW2

TermDefinition
Triple alliance The Triple Alliance or Triplice was a secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. It was formed on 20 May 1882 and renewed periodically until it expired in 1915 during World War I
Triple Entente Understanding among Great Britain, France, and Russia based on a Franco-Russian military alliance (1894), an Anglo-French entente (1904), and an Anglo-Russian entente (1907).
neutral not helping or supporting either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc
central powers Germany and its allies (Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire) in World War I.
Allied powers Allied powers, also called Allies, those countries allied in opposition to the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) in World War I or to the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) in World War II.
Western front Following the outbreak of war in August 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.
trench warfare a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other.
total war a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
propaganda information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
genocide the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
bolsheviks a member of the majority faction of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which was renamed the Communist Party after seizing power in the October Revolution of 1917.
new economic policy After the civil war, Lenin revised his economic policy and introduced the New Economic Policy (NEP). Through this, peasants were allowed to sell some of their produce for profit and small traders were allowed to run businesses.
U-boats a German submarine used in World War I or World War II
Zimmerman note was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.
armstice an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
fourteen points The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War
treaty of Versailles was a document signed between Germany and the Allied Powers following World War I that officially ended that war.
league of nations An international organization established after World War I under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. U.s. Britain, & france
mandates an official order or commission to do something.
Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government during World War I announcing support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, then an Ottoman region with a minority Jewish population
long march An important event in the history of the Chinese communists. Driven from southern and eastern China by Chiang Kai-shek at the end of the 1920s. leader Mao Zedong led his forces on a long march to safety in the northwest part of China.
Amritsar Massacre took place on 13 April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Baishakhi pilgrims. deterioration in relations between the British and Indians
credit the ability of a customer to obtain goods or services before payment, based on the trust that payment will be made in the future.
black tuesday October 29, 1929. On this date, share prices on the New York Stock Exchange completely collapsed, becoming a pivotal factor in the emergence of the Great Depression.
great depression a long and severe recession in an economy or market.
new deal A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s; the New Deal was designed to improve conditions for persons suffering in the Great Depression.
Smoot hawley tariff act was an act implementing protectionist trade policies sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley and was signed into law on June 17, 1930. The act raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods.
Manchurian incident was a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion in 1931 of northeastern China, known as Manchuria.
Anti comintern pact was an anti-Communist pact concluded between Germany and Japan (later to be joined by other, mainly fascist, governments) on November 25, 1936, and was directed against the Third (Communist) International.
Nanjing Massacre In late 1937, over a period of six weeks, Imperial Japanese Army forces brutally murdered hundreds of thousands of people–including both soldiers and civilians–in the Chinese city of Nanking (or Nanjing).
Facism that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.
totalitarianism a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state.
Gulag a system of labor camps maintained in the former Soviet Union from 1930 to 1955 in which many people died.
Nazi party political party of the mass movement known as National Socialism. Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, the party came to power in Germany in 1933 and governed by totalitarian methods until 1945.
anti semitism hostility to or prejudice against Jews.
Nuremberg laws 1935, the Nazis announced new laws which institutionalized many of the racial theories prevalent in Nazi ideology.
Blitzkrieg an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory.
Isolationism a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.
non aggression pact Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact definition. A treaty made by Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 that opened the way for both nations to invade Poland. ( See invasion of Poland.)
Appeasement A political policy of conceding to aggression by a warlike nation. example: the prime minister of Britain, allowed Hitler to annex part of Czechoslovakia to Germany.
Kamikazes a member of a Japanese air attack corps in World War II assigned to make a suicidal crash on a target (such as a ship)
deported expel (a foreigner) from a country, typically on the grounds of illegal status or for having committed a crime.
Ghetto a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups.
Holocaust destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, especially caused by fire or nuclear war. the jews/other in hitlers camps, or death camps.
Alliance systems formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes.
militarism the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
Nationalsm patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts. for country or belief.
imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
industrialism a social or economic system built on manufacturing industries.
changes in warfare/ technology It used radio waves to detect enemy aircraft. And improvements in aircraft. bombs, nuclear bombs, and poison gas.
political ideologies is a certain set of ethical ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement, institution, class or large group that explains how society should work and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order.
rise and fall of totalitarian regimes
leaders
treaties and conferences
cause and effect of war
Created by: nichard