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Unit 8 Study Stack

German and Italian Unification & Latin American Revolution

TermDefinition
Why were Europeans upset with the Congress of Vienna ? They were upset with foreign control/rulers and the restoration of conservatism
What was the purpose of the revolutions of 1848 ? The purpose of the revolutions of 1848 was to create a meaningful reform
What country avoided revolution in1848 and why ? Britain was the country that avoided revolution in 1848 because they were unaffected by the Congress of Vienna
How did Giuseppe Garibaldi help Italian unification ? Garibaldi helped Italian unification through unifying Southern Italy by defeating the Spanish Bourbons
How did Count Camilo de Cavour help Italian unification ? Cavour helped Italian unification though Political manipulation and alliances of convenience -Allied with France during Franco-Austrian war -Allied with Prussia during Franco-Prussian war
What war brought the Papal States into “Italy” ? The war that brought the Papal States into “Italy” was the Franco-Prussian war
Why were the Papal States the last to unify with “Italy” ? The Papal States was the last to unify with Italy because the Pope was against the unification of Italy
What was the “Risorgimento” ? The risorgimento was a nickname for Italian unification because the Italian Nationalists hoped for the recovery of unification (resurgence) of the Roman Empire
Who was Otto von Biasmarck ? The leader of the final push of unification for the German speaking people that also held position of Chancellor (most powerful office in the Empire)
What is “realpolitik” ? The political philosophy that contends politics should be based on practicality, efficiency, and efficacy rather than morality or idealism
What was the nickname of Simon Bolivar ? The “Liberator”
What countries did Simon Bolivar liberate ? Venezuela, Columbia, Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia
Who is the father of Mexican independence ? Miguel Hidalgo
Who were the peninsulares ? The peninsulares were those form colonies who served crown in the colonial government as Viceroys and colonial officers
Who were the creoles and why did they rebel ? The creoles were the children of the peninsulares who enjoyed a high standard of living as plantation and mine owners. They rebelled because they wanted equality and an end to exploitative policies
Who is the father of Haitian Independence ? Toussaint L’Ouverture
What was unique about the Haitian Revolution ? Slavery was abolished
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine ? Doctrine that granted all independent countries in the Western Hemisphere protection from any attempt by the European powers
Created by: Gracia12