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Chapter 10

Terms related to Early China

warlord a military commander exercising civil power by force, usually in a limited area
aristocrat a member of an upper class of society, usually made up of hereditary nobility
ancestor a person that someone is descended from
pictograph a symbol in a writing system based on pictures
ideograph a symbol in writing system that represents a thing or an idea
bureaucracy a group of non-elected government officials
hereditary having title or possession by reason of birth
Mandate of Heaven the belief that the Chinese king's right to rule cam from the gods
Dao Chinese system of beliefs which describes the way a king must rule
Confuscianism a system of beliefs based on the teachings of Confucius
Daoism a Chinese philosophy concerned with obtaining long life and living in harmony with nature
legalism a Chinese philosophy that stress the importance of laws
filial peity the responsibility children have to respect, obey, and care for their parents
censor an official who watches other for correct behavior
currency something, such as coins or paper money, that is used as a medium of exchange
civil service government employees who work in the administrative service of the government
tenant farmer a farmer who works land owned by someone else and pays rent in cash or as a share of the crop
acupuncture originally, a Chinese practice of inserting fine needes through the skin at specific points to treat disease or relieve pain.