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Unit 3

Causes and Effects of the Age of Discovery

QuestionAnswer
Who was Prince Henry the Navigator? The prince of Portugal who created a school of navigation souring on the Age of Exploration.
Why did Europeans set sail to explore? To create empire, to search of new markets and economic opportunities, and to spread Christianity.
Who was Vasco de Gama? Portuguese sailor who circumnavigated Africa to reach Asia.
Who was Christopher Columbus? Spanish sailor from Italy who sailed West to get East & "discovered" Americas in the process.
Who was Hernando Cortes? A Spanish conquistadore who conquered the Aztec Empire in modern-day Mexico.
Who was Francisco Pizarro? A Spanish conquistadore who conquered the Incan civilization of Andean Peru and Chile.
Who was Ferdinand Magellan? Spanish mariner who is credited as the first to circumnavigate the Earth.
Who was Sir Francis Drake? The first Englishmen credited with circumnavigating the Earth.
Who was Jacques Cartier? A French mariner who navigated into the St. Lawrence River in hopes of finding a Northwest passage.
What was the Old World? Europe, Africa, and Asia
What was the New World? The Americas
What was the Columbian Exchange? The biological and cultural exchange between the Old and New Worlds instigated by the voyages of Columbus.
What went from the Old to New World in the Columbian Exchange? Largely diseases and livestock, but some agricultural products, like citrus, as well.
What went from the New World to the Old World in the Columbian Exchange? Agricultural products like tobacco, peanuts, corn, cotton, etc.
What legacy did the colonial governments of Latin America leave? A rigid social class system and a dictatorial form of government.
What caused the African slave trade? The death of the indigenous population of the Americas.
What was the Middle Passage? The journey of African slave ships across the Atlantic to the Americas.
What was the Triangular Trade? The trade of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas-from Europe, manufactured goods, from Africa slaves, and from Americas raw materials.
How did the African slave trade affect Africa? Depleted their population of the fittest members of society & led to intertribal warfare.
What was mercantilism? Monopolistic trade system between mother country and colonies benefitting the mother country.
What was the Commercial Revolution? The advent of banking, financing, and mercantilism which led to economic growth in Europe.
Created by: Moneem